Effects of Glass Ceiling on Women Career Blooming in Sri Lankan Academic Sector

Main Article Content

T. A. H. Lakmali
R. M. D. A. K. Madawala
D. C. Wickrama Arachchi
R. S. Weerarathna


The term Glass Ceiling (GC) refers to an invisible barrier that hinders and blocks women from being promoted to higher managerial level positions. This study is wholly focused on the central problem of the effects of Glass Ceiling on Women Career Blooming. The research problem marked under the study is to find out the effects of Glass Ceiling on women Career Blooming, in the Sri Lankan academic sector. The structure of this study was entirely designed according to the conceptual framework, created using information from past literature. Level analysis is used to discover whether there is an effect of Family Factors, Organizational Factors, Individual Factors and Educational Factors on Women Career Blooming. The sample of the study consists of 214 women lecturers from two selected universities. Data were collected in the form of a structured questionnaire and six interviews were conducted. Regression and level analysis were used to analyze the gathered data. Research findings reveal that Glass Ceiling and Women Career Blooming have a negative relationship. Furthermore, the findings reveal that family and organizational factors have a significant effect on women Career Blooming and individual and educational factors have a moderate effect on women Career Blooming. By taking into consideration the research findings of the study, suggestions for future studies, limitations of the study and future recommendations have been made.

Glass ceiling, women career blooming, organizational factors, family factors, educational factors.

Article Details

How to Cite
Lakmali, T. A. H., Madawala, R. M. D. A. K., Arachchi, D. C. W., & Weerarathna, R. S. (2020). Effects of Glass Ceiling on Women Career Blooming in Sri Lankan Academic Sector. South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, 5(4), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.9734/sajsse/2019/v5i430152
Original Research Article


Omotayo DOA, Oladele DIO, Adenike DA. Glass Ceiling and female career advancement a study of the Nigeria police. Anvesha vol.6 no.1 Research Papers A Journal of Management. 2013;6(1):49-60.

Hui LT. A Study On The Barriers To Malaysian Women Career Advancement. 2014;1-148

Bombuwela PM, Alwis ACD. Effects of Glass Ceiling on Women Career Development in Private Sector Organizations – Case of Sri Lanka Journal of Competitiveness. 2013;5(2):3-19.

Victor LD, Shamila FA. Impact of glass ceiling in career development. Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports. 2018;2(4):1-11.

Powell GN, Butterfield DA. The Glass Ceiling: What have we learned 20 years on? Journal of Organizational Effective-ness: People and Performance. 2015;2(4): 306-326.

Sahoo DK, Lenka U. Breaking the Glass Ceiling Opportunity for the Organization Industrial and Commercial Training. 2016; 48(6):311-319.

Geir KGIS, Ken L. Testing the glass ceiling effect on gender differences in upper level management: The case of innovator orientation. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. 1996;5(1):29-41.

De N. Effects of glass ceiling on women career development in India. International Research Journal of Management Sociology & Humanities. 2017;8(2):109-125.

Cansu AS. Career barriers for women executives and the glass ceiling syndrome: The case study comparison between French and Turkish Women Executives. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013;75:488-497.

Mahboubeh Soleymanpour Omran HA, Behrang Esmaeeli. The analysis of glass ceiling phenomenon in the promotion of women’s abilities in organizations. International Journal of Organizational Leadership. 2015;315-324

Roman M. Relationships Between Women's Glass Ceiling Beliefs Career Advancement Satisfaction and Quit Intention Walden Journal. 2017;1-149.

Fapohunda, MT. The glass ceiling and women’s career advancement. Journal Of Management Research. 2018;10(1):21-30.

Albrecht J, Björklund A, Vroman S. Is there a glass ceiling in sweden. Journal of Labour Economics. 2001;21(1):145-177.

Elda D, Manjola Ç. Women and Glass Ceiling in Albania Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences; 2013.