Composite Index of Inclusive Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Inclusion of the Informal Sector

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Omang Ombolo Messono
Nsoga Nsoga Mermoz Homère III


This paper aims to provide a composite index of inclusive growth in 32 sub-Saharan African countries between 1995 and 2014 by taking into account the importance of the informal sector. Following the principal component analysis methods, we find specifically that except for countries such as Djibouti, Burkina Faso, Mauritius, Nigeria and Zimbabwe, inclusive growth has trended upward over the study period. This trend is non-linear and is characterized by two sub periods. From 1995 to 2005, the composite index of inclusive growth is essentially negative. On the other hand, positive growth in value is recorded over the second sub-period from 2005 to 2014. Overall and on average, these countries have experienced inclusive growth. Moreover, we also note that in countries such as Burkina Faso, Mauritius and Nigeria, on the side-lines of the informal sector inclusive growth has a negative trend. However, when we integrate the informal sector, the trend of inclusive growth changes sign and becomes positive.

Composite index, inclusive growth, informal sector.

Article Details

How to Cite
Messono, O. O., & Homère III, N. N. M. (2020). Composite Index of Inclusive Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Inclusion of the Informal Sector. South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, 6(2), 1-16.
Original Research Article


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