Conceptualizing on Structure Functionalism and Its Applications on Patriotism Study during Covid-19 Pandemic in Malaysia

Main Article Content

Siti Norayu Mohd Basir
Mohd Zaini Abu Bakar
Fauziah Ismail
Junainor Hassan

Abstract

This paper attempts toreconcilesymbiotic concepts including the theory of functionalism and patriotism among Malaysians during Covid-19 pandemic crisis. To this end, this paper focuses on the theory of functionalism and how the connection with the patriotism perspectives in dealing with non-traditional treat of the spreading of Covid-19 pandemic among Malaysian from top to bottom structure. As we know, our world isin a greater war involving non-traditional treat after the Covid-19 virus started in Wuhan, China. This battle impacted macro to micro structures of society and institutions including political, economy, stability, health, wealth and psychology. In other words, all citizens are involve in this war against the pandemic. Functionalist offer the idea about society is a complex system thatis interconnected and each hastheir own roles to make sure the stability andsolidarity can be achieve and retained. The spirit to fight this virus war together can be describe viapatriotic values.

Keywords:
Functionalism, patriotism, patriotic duty, non-traditional treat, pandemic

Article Details

How to Cite
Basir, S. N. M., Bakar, M. Z. A., Ismail, F., & Hassan, J. (2020). Conceptualizing on Structure Functionalism and Its Applications on Patriotism Study during Covid-19 Pandemic in Malaysia. South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, 6(4), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/sajsse/2020/v6i430171
Section
Opinion Article

References

Amzat J, Razum O. Chapter 5: Functionalism perspective on health. Research Gate; 2014.
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-03986-2_5

Ritzer G. Sociological theory (8th Edt.). New York: McGraw-Hill; 2011.

Adinoyi J. Structural functionalist view of health: Disease and illness; the organization and functioning of the modern healthcare system & the doctor-patient relationship: Shift in balance of power in doctor-patient relationship; 2014.
Available:www.researchgate.net/publication/327861657

Parsons T. The social system. 1951. London: Routledge.

Merton RK & Merton RC. Social theory and social structure. 1968. New York: The Free Press:

Judge PS. Foundation of classical sociological theory: functionalism, conflict and action. 2012. Pearson Publication: India

Daucé F, Le Huérou A, Rousselet K. Les diversités du patriotisme contemporain. Critique International. 2013;58(1):9-17.
DOI: 10.3917/crii.058.0009

Kuş Z, Merey Z, Karatekin K. The value preferences of the parents in Turkey towards their children. Journal of Social Science Education. 2015;14(1):74-85.

Kleinig J, Keller S, Primoratz I. The ethics of patriotism: A Debate. United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell; 2015.

Ahmad Sabri AZS, Abu R, Hamzah NH. Religion, ethnicity and nationalidentity: An analysis of the Islamic experience in a multi-ethnic and multi-religious Malaysian society. The International Asian Research Journal. 2014;2:51-62.

Wolak J, Dawkins R. The roots of patriotism across political contexts. Political Psychology. 2016;38(3):391-408.

Hoe CK. Pembangunan patriotisme dalam pengajaran dan pembelajaran mata pelajaran sejarah tingkatan dua: Perbandingan antara empat jenis sekolah. Disertasi Sarjana Pendidikan. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia; 2007.

Gill SS, Ramli MR, Talib AT. Kesedaran patriotik dalam kalangan belia bandar di Semenanjung Malaysia. Jurnal Sosial Ilmu Politik Universitas Hasanudin. 2015;1(1): 111-120.

Syed Hussain TPR, Nasarah SA& Othman Z. Pembinaan bangsa malaysia (1): kajian empirikal tahap patriotisme belia. GEOGRAFIA Malaysian Journal of Society and Space. 2016;12(10):159–170.

Druckman D. Nationalism, patriotism and group loyalty: A social psychological perspective. Mershon International Studies Review. 1994;38(1):43-68.

Ahmad A, Ling PHH, Tang Abdullah NA. Pengetahuan nilai patriotisme pelajar berdasarkan pembelajaran subjek sejarah. Malaysian Journal of Youth Studies. 2015; 13:95-116.

Ariely G. Evaluations of patriotism across countries, groups and policy domains, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. 2018;44(3):462-481.

Razak MHA, Jawan JA, Abdul Halim A. Penghayatan dan kesedaran patriotisme dalam kalangan pelatih program Latihan Khidmat Negara. Malaysian Journal of Youth Studies. 2013;8:1-24.

Sipalan J, Holmes S. Malaysia confirms first cases of coronavirus infection. Reuters.
(Retrieved 10 April 2020)
Available:https://web.archive.org/web/20200218061827/https://www.reuters.com/article/china-health-malaysia/malaysia-confirms-first-cases-of-coronavirus-infection-idUSL4N29U03A

Coronavirus: Malaysia records eight deaths; 153 new cases bring total to 1,183". The Straits Times. 21 March 2020.
(Retrieved on 10 April 2020)
Available:https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/malaysia-records-fourth-coronavirus-death

Ministry of Health Malaysia.
(Retrieved 10 April 2020)
Available:http://www.moh.gov.my/index.php/pages/view/2019-ncov-wuhan

Adam R, Ishak NA. Persepsi rakyat terhadap institusi raja: Satu kajian kes di Perlis dan Kedah. Prosiding Seminar Institusi Raja (SIRaj II): Seminar Raja dan Kerajaan Perlis; 2010.

Irwan Mohd Zain. COVID-19: Rakyat perlu taat titah Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
(Retrieved on 10 April 2020)
Available:http://www.astroawani.com/berita-malaysia/covid-19-rakyat-perlu-taat-titah-yang-di-pertuan-agong-prof-dr-shamrahayu-234681

Hana Naz Harun. King: Play your part, obey the MCO.
(Retrieved on 10 April 2020)
Available:https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2020/03/576581/king-play-your-part-obey-mco

Nuradzimmah Daim. King urges public to heed MCO, hits the road to check on roadblocks in the city.
(Retrieved on 10 April 2020)
Available:https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2020/03/576469/king-urges-public-heed-mco-hits-road-check-roadblocks-city

Agong expresses concern over jump in Covid-19 cases.
Retrieved 10 April 2020)
Available:https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2020/03/572487/agong-expresses-concern-over-jump-covid-19-cases

Harper D. Structural-functionalism: Grand Theory or methodology. Leicester: University of Leicester; 2011.

Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan (Movement Control Order).
(Retrieved on 11 April 2020)
Available:https://www.mkn.gov.my/web/ms/covid-19/

Potts R, Vella K, Dale A, & Sipe N. Exploring the usefulness of structural–functional approaches to analyse governance of planning systems. Planning Theory. 2014;15(2): 162–189.

World Health Organization. WHO releases guidelines to help countries maintain essential health services during the COVID-19 pandemic; 2020.
(Retrieved on 10 April, 2020)
Available:https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/30-03-2020-who-releases-guidelines-to-help-countries-maintain-essential-health-services-during-the-covid-19-pandemic

Adinoyi J. Structural functionalist view of health: Disease and illness; The Organization and Functioning of The Modern Healthcare System. The Doctor-Patient Relationship: Shift in Balance of Power in Doctor-Patient Relationship; 2014.
Available:www.researchgate.net/publication/327861657

Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia, Soalan Lazim Penyakit Novel Coronavirus (Covid-19).
(Retrieved on 10 April 2020)
Available:https://www.infosihat.gov.my/images/media_sihat/lain_lain/pdf/SOALAN%20LAZIM%20COVID-19.pdf

Nur Atikah Sulaiman. KKM jejaki 5,000 peserta tabligh untuk ujian COVID-19.
(Retrieved 10 April 2020)
Available:https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/nasional/2020/03/664378/kkm-jejaki-5000-peserta-tabligh-untuk-ujian-covid-19

Bar-Tal D, Staub E. (Eds. Patriotism in the lives of individuals and groups; Chicago: Nelson-Hall Publishers; 2008.

Primoratz I. Patriotism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy; 2009.