Is Oil Rent a Curse for Health in Africa?

Main Article Content

Lepatouo Ngouffo Martial


Aims/ Objectives: To determine whether oil rent is a curse for the health of populations in Africa.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Oil-producing African countries over the period 2000-2015.
Methodology: Using the Random effects (RE) and the Two Stages Least Square (2SLS) estimators on a sample of 18 Oil-producing African countries.
Results: The results show that oil rent has a negative effect on life expentancy.
Conclusion: The fact that oil-producing African countries have a source of revenue that does not depend on taxation, means that the governments of these countries do not make health an important part of public policy.

Oil rent, human development, health, two stages leasts squares.

Article Details

How to Cite
Martial, L. N. (2020). Is Oil Rent a Curse for Health in Africa?. South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, 6(3), 60-70.
Short Research Article


Avom D, Carmignani F. Lafrique centrale peut-elle viter le pige de la maldiction des produits de base? Revue Dconomie du Dveloppement. 2010;18(2):4772.

Aghion P, Howitt P, Murtin F. The relationship between health and growth: When lucas meets nelson-phelps. Technical Report,National Bureau of Economic Research; 2010.

Sachs JD, Warner AM. Natural resources and economic growth. Development Discussion Paper 517a. Harvard Institute for International Development; 1995.

Grossman M. On the concept of health capital and the demand for health. Journal of Political Economy. 1972;80(2):223255.

Van Zon A, Muysken J. Health and endogenous growth. Journal of Health Economics. 2001;20(2):169185.

Bulte EH, Damania R, Deacon RT. Resource intensity, institutions and development. World Development. 2005;33(7):10291044. Mathematica Slovaca. 2002;52:343-359.

Wigley S. The resource curse and child mortality, 19612011. Social Science and Medicine. 2017;176:142148.

Cockx L, Francken N. Extending the concept of the resource curse: Natural resources and public spending on health. Ecological Economics. 2014;108:136149.

Gylfason T, Zoega G. Natural resources and economic growth: The role of investment. World Economy. 2006;29(8):10911115.

Kim DH, Lin SC. Natural resources and economic development: New panel evidence. Environmental and Resource Economics. 2017;66(2):363391.

Nkurunziza JD, Tsowou K, Cazzaniga S. Commodity dependence and human development. African Development Review. 2017:29(S1):2741.

Madreimov T, Li L. Natural-resource dependence and life expectancy: A nonlinear relationship. Sustainable Development; 2019.

Bhattacharyya S, Collier P. Public capital in resource rich economies: Is there a curse? Oxford Economic Papers. 2013;66(1):124.

Karimu A, Adu G, Marbuah G, Mensah JT, Amuakwa-Mensah F. Natural resource revenues and public investment in resource-rich economies in sub-saharan africa.

Review of Development Economics. 2017;21(4):e107e130.

Turan T, Yankkaya H. Natural resource rents and capital accumulation nexus: do resource rents raise public human

and physical capital expenditures? Environmental Economics and Policy Studies. 2020;118.

De Soysa I, Gizelis TI. The natural resource curse and the spread of hiv/aids, 1990-2008. Social Science and Medicine. 2013;77:9096.

Chang WY, Wei D. Natural resources and infectious diseases: The case of malaria, 2000-2014. The Social Science Journal. 2019;56(3):324336.

Cotet AM, Tsui KK. Oil, growth, and health: what does the cross-country evidence really show? The Scandinavian Journal of Economics. 2013;115(4):11071137.

El Anshasy AA, Katsaiti MS. Are natural resources bad for health? Health and Place. 2015;32:2942.

Nikzadian A. The effects of resource rent, human capital and government effectiveness on government health expenditure in organization of the petroleum

exporting countries; 2019.

Hall RE, Jones CI. The value of life and the rise in health spending. The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 2007;122(1):3972.

Filmer D, Pritchett L. Child mortality and public spending on health: How much does money matter?. World Bank Publications. 1997;1864.

Mishra P, Newhouse DL. Health aid and infant mortality. Number 2007-2100. International Monetary Fund; 2007.

Kim TK, Lane SR. Government health expenditure and public health outcomes: A comparative study among 17 countries and implications for us health care reform. American International Journal of Contemporary Research. 2013;3(9):813.

Fearon JD. Why do some civil wars last so much longer than others? Journal of Peace Research. 2004;41(3):275301.

Collier P, Hoeffler A. Resource rents, governance and conflict. Journal of Conflict Resolution. 2005;49(4):625633.

Stevens P. Resource impact: Curse or blessing? a literature survey. Journal of Energy Literature. 2003;9(1):342.

Acemoglu D, Johnson S, Robinson JA. The colonial origins of comparative development: An empirical investigation. American Economic Review. 2001;91(5):13691401.