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The objective of this study is to assess the effect of health on agricultural productivity in Cameroon. To achieve this objective, we use the techniques of Propensity Score Matching on data from the fourth Cameroonian household survey (ECAM 4). The results of the analysis show that healthy farmers produce on average than farmers in fragile health. Indeed, healthy farmers produce an average of FCFA 583,601 per hectare. This effect is statistically significant at the 5% threshold. Due to the fact that the level of health improves agricultural yields, we recommend to the public authorities, to facilitate farmers' access to health care through a reduction in health care costs, but also through a multiplication of health centers in rural areas.
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