Review on Present Status of Rohingya People in Bangladesh: Effects on Social, Economic, Environment and Wildlife Habitat

Raf Ana Rabbi Shawon *

National University, Bangladesh.

Israt Jahan Shyama

University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Jannat Hossain

Department of Microbiology and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Khulna Agricultural University, Khulna-9100, Bangladesh.

Md. Shahin Al Mamun

Satosho Co. Ltd. Gifu-Shi, Japan.

Md. Humayon Kabir

Upazila Livestock Office and Veterinary Hospital, Bagatipara, Natore, Bangladesh.

Mahbub E Rabbi

Department of Economics, Government Adamjee Nagar MW College, Bangladesh.

Md. Matiur Rahman

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet-3100, Bangladesh.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The Rohingya peoples are an ethnic Muslim minority group who are the most ill-treated and persecuted refugee groups in the World. The present study is designed to reveal the present situation of Rohingyas in Bangladesh. We also focused on the socio-economic impact of the Rohingyas on the local population as well as their impact on the environment and wildlife of Bangladesh. More than 9,00,000 Rohingya have recently fled from Myanmar to Bangladesh and are now residing in refugee camps in Cox's Bazar District. In the majority of cases, the forest and hills have been replaced by the Rohinga to create the accommodations in this area. Forestland is therefore being destroyed to make camps for this enormous inflow of refugees, posing a serious threat to ecosystems, biodiversity, and wildlife habitats in this area. We reviewed recently published papers about Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh. There is broad agreement that the high speed of refugee settlements and their engagement with antisocial activities with other malpractices are major drivers for making the huge socio-economic crisis and environmental threat in that area. The current study concluded that the decades-long presence of refugees in Bangladesh has created a natural disaster for wildlife habitats in these areas. There is only one way that Bangladesh's government must implement various strategies for liaising with the international community to compel Myanmar's government to begin repatriating the Rohingya to their own country.

Keywords: Bangladesh, environment, habitat, refugee, Rohingya, socio-economic


How to Cite

Shawon, R. A. R., Shyama, I. J., Hossain, M. J., Mamun, M. S. A., Kabir, M. H., Rabbi, M. E., & Rahman, M. M. (2022). Review on Present Status of Rohingya People in Bangladesh: Effects on Social, Economic, Environment and Wildlife Habitat. South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, 16(3), 34–48. https://doi.org/10.9734/sajsse/2022/v16i3614

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