Economic and Technical Efficiency of Maize Production in the Eastern District of Bhutan: Stochastic Frontier Approach
Issue: 2023 - Volume 19 [Issue 2]
Karma Yoezer *
Department of Economics and Social Science, Sherubtse College, Royal University of Bhutan, Bhutan.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This research paper seeks to deal with the problem of economic and technical efficiency of maize farmers located in the eastern region of Bhutan. For the objective of this paper, the stochastic frontier parametric approach was employed. The socio-economic and production data were collected from 120 maize growing farmers using simple random sampling technique for the production year 2020-2021. Results show that maize producing farmers are 81.47 % technically efficient and 78.19 % economically efficient in producing maize. Farm size, household size, and training positively influences the maize efficiency. The paper presents supporting evidence for more government policy in terms of provision of subsidies on agrochemicals and providing training for better management skills to the farmers.
Keywords: Efficiency, production, policy, input, output, technical
How to Cite
DoA. Agriculture Statistics 2021. Thimphu, Bhutan: Department of agriculture. Ministry of Agriculture & Forests. Royal Government of Bhutan; 2021.
DoA. Agriculture Statistics 2018. thimphu, bhutan: department of agriculture. Ministry of agriculture & forests. Royal Government of Bhutan; 2018
Wangmo, Passang, Doriji, Wangchuk, Namgay, Wangdi, Rinzin, Choney, Lhap, Dorji. Assessment of community-based maize seed production in Eastern Bhutan. Bhutanese Journal of Agriculture. 2019; 1(1):77-91.
Farrell MJ. The measurement of productive efficiency. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. 1957;120:253-290.
Belete AS. Analysis of technical efficiency in maize production in Guji Zone: Stochastic frontier model. Agriculture & Food Security. 2020;9:1-15.
Adhikari SP, Timsina KP, Brown PR, Ghimire YN, Lamichhane J. Technical efficiency of hybrid maize production in eastern terai of Nepal: A stochastic frontier approach. Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources. 2018;1(1): 189–196. Available:https://doi.org/10.3126/janr.v1i1.22234.
Samdrup Jongkhar Annual Dzongkhag Statistics Report; 2022.
Lema JT, Alvarino S, Suarez, Omil F. Understanding the sorption and biotransformation of organicmicropollutants in innovative biological wastewater treatment technologies. Science of The Total Environment. 2018;615:297-306, ISSN 0048-9697.
Addai, Renato Bright, Asante O, Omphile Temoso, Kwabena A, Villano. Evaluating productivity gaps in maize production across different agroecological zones in Ghana. Agricultural Systems. 2014;176, 102650, ISSN 0308-521X.
Payang R, Poyearleng C , Ngaisset F, Xia, X. Analysis of the Technical Efficiency of Maize Farmers and its Influencing Factors in Ombella Mpoko, Central African Republic. Open Journal of Social Sciences. 2019;7:216-232.
Hilly M, Adams ML, Nelson SC. A study of digit fusion in the mouse embryo. Clin Exp Allergy. 2002;32(4):489-98.
Abdulai, Shamsudeen, Nkegbe Paul , Donkoh Samuel. Technical efficiency of maize production in Northern Ghana. African Journal of Agricultural. 2013;8: 5251-5259.
Adhikari, Surya, Ghimire, Yuga, Timsina, Krishna, Subedi, Sanjiv, Kharel Meena. Technical efficiency of wheat growing farmers of Nepal. Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources. 2021;4:246-254. Available:10.3126/janr. v4i2.33857.
Katwal TB, Adhikari NB, Dorji L, Wangdi, S. Economically important disease of maize prevalent in the high and mid altitudes areas of Bhutan. In:CORRB (ed.). Mongar: RNR RC Wengkhar; 2008.
Ng'ombe, John. Technical efficiency of smallholder maize production in Zambia: A stochastic meta-frontier approach. Agrekon. 2017;56:347-365. Available:10.1080/03031853.2017.1409127.