The Interplay of Historical Foundations, Resource Dynamics, and Ideological Frameworks in the Shaping of Tanzania's Foreign Policy Landscape: Practicability of the Dependency Theory

Adam Michael Mnyavanu

Department of Leadership, Ethics and Governance, Faculty of Leadership and Management Science, Mwalimu Nyerere Memorial Academy, P. O. Box -9193 Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

David Haruna Mrisho *

Department of Public Relations and Advertising, St. Augustine University of Tanzania, P.O. Box-307, Mwanza, Tanzania.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


This article analyzes three key variables - ideology, history, and resources - to get a deeper insight into the intricate dynamics shaping Tanzania's foreign policy. The research examines how the country's diplomatic environment is influenced by resource considerations, historical legacies, and ideological shifts within the framework of dependence theory.

The findings from the survey show various perspectives on the influence of history, which is consistent with the emphasis of dependence theory on historical variables shaping foreign policy. The examination of resource contributions emphasizes the pressing necessity for policy reform, endorsing the suggestion of dependence theory for strategic resource utilization to reduce external constraints. Tanzania's strategic focus on developing economic partnerships outside of Western markets is evident in its ideological aspect. This is in line with the suggestion of dependency theory to reduce reliance on a certain set of trading partners in order to enhance the country's ability to navigate changing global economic trends.

Key Informant Interviews support the study's theoretical framework and demonstrate the ongoing influence of historical personalities such as Julius Nyerere on Tanzania's foreign policy. The study's findings resulted in three significant recommendations. To establish diplomatic partnerships that honour past legacies while adapting to current geopolitical circumstances, it is advisable to take a sophisticated approach to historical connections. Implementing thorough policy change is recommended to strategically protect and utilize national resources in global contexts. Finally, it is recommended to take a proactive approach to diverse economic relationships in alignment with the broader pan-African objective of reducing dependence on specific trade partners. valuable guidance for decision-makers navigating the complex process of developing foreign policy.

Keywords: Foreign policy, leadership, resource dynamics, dependency theory

How to Cite

Mnyavanu , A. M., & Mrisho , D. H. (2024). The Interplay of Historical Foundations, Resource Dynamics, and Ideological Frameworks in the Shaping of Tanzania’s Foreign Policy Landscape: Practicability of the Dependency Theory. South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, 21(5), 16–25.


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