Understanding the Dynamics of MGNREGA Beneficiaries through Social Work Lens: A Study in Shivamogga District, Karnataka State, India

Shridhar S. N. *

Department of P. G. Studies and Research in Social Work, Davanagere University, Karnataka, India.

Thippesh K.

Department of P. G. Studies and Research in Social Work, Davanagere University, Karnataka, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


This comprehensive study delves into the intricate tapestry of MGNREGA beneficiaries' perspectives, unravelling a rich array of insights that illuminate their empowerment journey. The objectives of the study include understanding the socioeconomic dynamics of MGNREGA beneficiaries, examining its impact on livelihood security, exploring the role of social work in its implementation, and analyzing the empowerment dimensions of the program. Utilizing data from 80 respondents in Shivamogga District, the study employs the Shapiro-Wilk test for normality, ANOVA for group differences, and Tukey's post-hoc test for specific comparisons. Key findings highlight significant improvements in communication skills, decision-making power, leadership skills, and social empowerment among beneficiaries. Economic empowerment aspects, such as annual income and food consumption patterns, also showed positive outcomes. Psychological empowerment, encompassing attitudes towards the program, role perception, and desire for control, reflected a high level of empowerment. The research highlights the critical role of social work in enhancing and sustaining these positive impacts, offering recommendations for policy improvement and contributing to the advancement of rural development practices. This exploration extends beyond mere statistical analyses, offering a profound examination of the human dimensions that shape empowerment dynamics in rural India.

Keywords: MGNREGA, empowerment, women's empowerment, gender roles, social empowerment, economic empowerment, psychological empowerment, social work, social work implications, transformative change, community engagement

How to Cite

Shridhar S. N., and Thippesh K. 2024. “Understanding the Dynamics of MGNREGA Beneficiaries through Social Work Lens: A Study in Shivamogga District, Karnataka State, India”. South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics 21 (6):76-87. https://doi.org/10.9734/sajsse/2024/v21i6833.


Download data is not yet available.


Dandekar K. Employment guarantee scheme: An employment opportunity for women, gokhale institute of politics and economics, Pune; 1983.

Pramathesh Ambasta, Vijay, Shankar, Mihir, Shah. Two Years of NREGA: The Road Ahead, Economic and Political Weekly. 2008;43:456-461.

Khera R, Nayak N. (). Women Workers and Perceptions of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. Economic and Political Weekly. 2009;44(43).

Pankaj Ashok, Tankha R. Women’s empowerment through guaranteed employment, Delhi, Institute for Human Development; 2009.

Shankar V, Rao R, Banerji N, Shah M. Revising the schedule of rates: An imperative for NREGA, Economic and Political Weekly. 2006;342-348.

Aiyar Y, Samji S. Transparency and accountability in NREGA: A case study of Andhra Pradesh, Working Paper No. 1, Centre for Policy Research, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi; 2009.

Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India. (n.d.). National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. Available:http://nrega.nic.in/netnrega/home.aspx

Andhra Pradesh Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. (n.d.). Available:http://www.nrega.ap.gov.in

Channabasavaiah HM, Jayaraj M. Analysis of women empowerment through MGNREGA in Karnataka. GJRA - Global Journal for Research Analysis. 2014;3(8).

Turuk SK. Towards a comprehensive understanding of MGNREGA: Research progress as a social security measure: A bibliometric analysis. International Journal of Innovative Studies in Sociology and Humanities. 2023;8(2). Available:https://doi.org/10.20431/2456-4931.080201

Behera KB, Mohapatra D. (). MGNREGA and women empowerment: A literature review. International Journal for Multidisciplinary Research. 2024;6(2):1.

Chand K, Choudhary BB, Kumar S, Tewari P. Examining intended consequences of MGNREGP intervention on women empowerment: Evidences from block level study in Jodhpur district of Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Extension Education. 2020;56(2):93-96.

Khera R, Nayak N. Women workers and perceptions of the national rural employment guarantee act. Economic and Political Weekly. 2012;47(43):49– 57.

Pankaj A, Tankha R. Empowerment effects of the NREGS on women workers: A study in four states. Economic and Political Weekly. 2010;45(30):45–55.

Pellissery S, Jalan SK. Towards transformative social protection: A gendered analysis of the employment guarantee act of india (mgnrega). Gender and Development. 2011;19(2): 283–294. Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/13552074 .2011.592639

Xavier G, Mari G. (). Impact of MGNREGA on women empowerment with special reference to Kalakkanmoi Panchayat in Sivgangai District, Tamil Nadu. International Journal of Economics and Management Studies. 2014;1(1). Available:https://www.internationaljournalssrg.org/IJEMS/paperdetails?Id=1

Tagat A. (). Female matters: Impact of a workfare program on intra-household female decision-making in rural India. World Development Perspectives. 2020;100246. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wdp.2020.100246

Breitkreuz R, Stanton CJ, Brady N, Pattison-Williams J, King ED, Mishra C, Swallow B. (. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme: A Policy Solution to Rural Poverty in India? Development Policy Review, 2017;35(3):397–417. Available:https://doi.org/10.1111/dpr.12220

Arya AP, Meghana S, Ambily AS. Study on Mahatma Gandhi national rural employment guarantee act (MGNREGA) and women empowerment with reference to Kerala. Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamic and Control Systems. 2017;9:74-82.

Desai S. Do public works programs increase women’s economic empowerment ?: Evidence from rural India; 2018.

Kumar T. (). A study of correlation between MGNREGA and women empowerment. International Journal of Research in Social Sciences. 2019;9(4):1-10.

Bhat BB, Mariyappan P. Impact of MGNREGA and women’s participation. National Journal of Advanced Research. 2016;2(5):33-36.