Employee Retention Strategies and Job Satisfaction in Local Government Authorities in Tanzania. A case of Tabora Municipal Council

Norbert Peter Nyoni *

Department of Business Management, Institute of Accountancy Arusha (IAA), P.O. Box 2798, Arusha, Tanzania.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The problem of Job Dissatisfaction among the employees is very common in Tabora Municipal Council that leads to poor performance among the employees. In response to the problem, the current study had the main objective that aimed to assess the impact of employees’ retention strategies towards job satisfaction in Local Government Authorities in Tanzania, Tabora Municipal Council being a case study with three specific objectives namely;  to identify Employees’ Retention Strategies available for job Satisfaction in Tabora Municipal Council, to examine the challenges facing the implementation of Employees’ Retention Strategies for Job satisfaction in Tabora Municipal Council as well as to investigate the relationship between Employees’ Retention Strategies and Job Satisfaction in Tabora Municipal Council. The study was guided by the two theories namely;- Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory and Alderfer’s ERG Theory to guide this study effectively. The study employed a mixed method and a case study design. The study involved a sample size of 98 respondents which was the whole entire population with the Purposive Sampling Technique. Data were collected through questionnaires and interviews. Data analysis methods were descriptive statistics and content analysis. The study findings discovered that there is a need for the organizations of today that need to enter in competitive advantage that they must invest in employees so that to create job satisfaction that in turn leads to good employee performance. The study concluded that the problem of job dissatisfaction has affected many employees particularly from public sector organizations. Thus the government must support these organizations by implementing the existing government policies related to HR Policies. The study recommends policy makers at the Ministry of Public Service and Good Governance to adhere the decentralization by devolution HR policies by allowing the stakeholders to participate fully in the policy formulation process and implementation of the HR Policies which are friendly to employees.

Keywords: Employee retention, job dissatisfaction, employee performance, employee, job satisfaction

How to Cite

Nyoni, Norbert Peter. 2024. “Employee Retention Strategies and Job Satisfaction in Local Government Authorities in Tanzania. A Case of Tabora Municipal Council”. South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics 21 (7):55-69. https://doi.org/10.9734/sajsse/2024/v21i7844.


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