South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics</strong>&nbsp;<strong>(ISSN: 2581-821X)</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/SAJSSE/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Economics and Social Studies’. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics en-US South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics 2581-821X Supply Chain Analysis of Raw and Value-added Products of Tomatoes in Telangana <p>Tomato (<em>Solanum lycopersicum L</em>.) is one of the most widely consumed vegetable crops and the second-largest cultivated vegetable crop in the world after potato. Tomato is one of the most important protective foods because of its special nutritive value. Tomatoes grown in the country are consumed fresh in raw or cooked form or processed into tomato paste, juice, sauce, ketchup, soup and, pickles. Less than one percent of India’s tomato production is processed. On the other hand, the demand in India for processed tomato products has been growing at an annual rate of about 30 per cent over the last few years. India is the World's largest producer of many fruits and vegetables but there still exists a huge gap between per capita demand and supply due to enormous wastage during post-harvest storage, handling, and the absence of an optimum supply chain. The price fluctuations in tomatoes are very high and often farmers are forced to sell at prices that will not cover even the labor cost of picking the tomatoes. A well-developed tomato processing industry will reduce wastages as well as secure better prices for tomatoes. The present study entitled “Supply chain analysis of raw and value-added products of tomatoes in Telangana” was intended to assess supply chain analysis for raw and processed tomato products along with the constraints faced by each stake holder in the supply chain. Vikarabad district was purposively selected for the study, two mandals four villages each were selected from each village, data was collected from 10 farmers. Hence the total data was collected from 80 farmers. The data was also collected from commission agents, wholesalers/ traders, and retailers. From the tomato processing firms operating in around Hyderabad, three firms were selected to collect data regarding their products and marketing supply chain. The collected data was analyzed.</p> <p>The results of the study identified three channels of raw tomato marketing, namely: channel-I Farmer- Commission Agent-Trader-Retailer-consumer, Channel-II Famer – Commission agent - Retailer-consumer and Channel-III Farmer- Retailer-consumer. Two channels of processed tomato products were identified, namely: Channel-I, Manufacturing unit- wholesalers-consumers and Channel-II, Manufacturing unit- consumers.</p> <p>The producer share in the consumer rupee was highest in the Channel -III because of lesser number intermediaries. The marketing efficiency is highest for the channel – III fallowed by channel – II and channel -I. In case of processed industries are mostly preferring channel -II. The major constraints to the farmers identified were high price fluctuations, high cost of fertilizers and pesticides. The major constraints to the intermediaries identified were high price fluctuations and transportation costs and problems. The major problems identified were lack of quality raw materials suitable for processing, and price fluctuations of raw materials for the processing units, while the major problems faced by wholesalers identified were timely availability and quality related issues.</p> Narender Busani P. Radhika K. Supriya ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-05-06 2021-05-06 1 6 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v10i430268 Status of Nepalese Education Institution on Technical Adaption in COVID-19 Pandemic: An Index Based Analysis <p>With the rapid technological advancement throughout business sector, education sector has not been untouched by it. Education institutions are in the phase of being digitalized which more have been encouraged post COVID-19 in Nepal as well. This study thus aims to explore readiness of Nepalese education institution on technical adaption. Descriptive study has been conducted where 300 school teachers have been surveyed for this study. The results revealed that almost all the school teachers are ready to adapt digitalized education system given different dimension. It was also found that teachers are highly aware regarding the adoption of technology in schools. Likewise, 49.9% teacher's willingness to adopt digital teaching learning practice has increased after COVID-19. Thus, this study concludes that 90% of teachers are willing to adapt digital technology in educational system of Nepal. Therefore, feasible environment, infrastructure that fits digital teaching pedagogy, digital friendly curriculum are recommended to be set for increasing the effectiveness of teaching practice with digital technologies.</p> Niranjan Devkota Benjula Adhikari Udaya Raj Paudel DipakBahadur Adhikari Seeprata Parajuli Kabita Adhikari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-05-12 2021-05-12 7 19 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v10i430269 Lived Experiences of Persons under Investigation and Persons under Monitoring During General Community Quarantine <p>The lived experiences of Persons Under Investigation (PUIs) and Person Under Monitoring are examined in this study. The eleven Persons Under Investigation (PUIs) and fourteen Persons Under Monitoring (PUMs) were interviewed via messenger to solicit their struggles and sufferings during General Community Quarantine (GCQ). The data gathered from the identified respondents were analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. In the analysis, the major themes identified were Initial Reaction, Discrimination, Life During 14-day Quarantine or Isolation, Challenges Experienced as 1.) Persons Under Investigation and 2.) Persons Under Monitoring. Extreme discrimination for the entire family were the initial reactions of all respondents upon classifying them as Persons Under Investigation and Persons Under Monitoring. Getting insane is also one of the challenges being experienced by a person identified as Persons Under Investigation. For them to cope up with this crisis of COVID-19, they resorted to focus on their strengths and seek support systems.</p> Josefine R. Arellano Jenelyn E. Delgado ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-05-15 2021-05-15 20 26 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v10i430270