South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics</strong>&nbsp;<strong>(ISSN: 2581-821X)</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/SAJSSE/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Economics and Social Studies’. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> en-US contact@journalsajsse.com (South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics) contact@journalsajsse.com (South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics) Wed, 19 Aug 2020 09:34:47 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Deciphering a Strategy to Combat Reiterating Human Trafficking Gangs: A Case Study of the Rohingya Minority in Southern Thailand https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/30195 <p>Human trafficking has spread across the global and ASEAN regions, including Thailand as the one of members which has several forms of human trafficking. The study found that human trafficking of the Rohingya minority in the southern area has a unique aspect, from the growth of its organization, the process and the enormous volume of income it generates. Aims: This research has explored the roots of human trafficking issues in southern Thailand using case studies of the Rohingya ethnic minority. Research has also searched the connection of Social Security and human trafficking, which can provide solutions in the southern area. There is still no empirical research available about the Rohingya minority’s association with human trafficking issues in the south of Thailand. Qualitative research with in-depth interviews of experienced victims, experts and senior officials was carried out. Place and duration of the study is southern Thailand, from June 2016 to July 2019.</p> <p>Human trafficking has spread across the global and ASEAN regions, including Thailand as the one of members which has several forms of human trafficking. The study found that human trafficking of the Rohingya minority in the southern area has a unique aspect, from the growth of its organization, the process and the enormous volume of income it generates. Aims: This research has explored the roots of human trafficking issues in southern Thailand using case studies of the Rohingya ethnic minority. Research has also searched the connection of Social Security and human trafficking, which can provide solutions in the southern area. There is still no empirical research available about the Rohingya minority’s association with human trafficking issues in the south of Thailand. Qualitative research with in-depth interviews of experienced victims, experts and senior officials was carried out. Place and duration of the study is southern Thailand, from June 2016 to July 2019.</p> <p>The data collection process involved interviews with a semi-private structure and interviews of 19 Rohingya people, law enforcement officers and high‐level security officer, which found that the staff engaged in combatting trafficking had a problem in their knowledge of human trafficking crimes. The problem is they are not aware of Thai transnational crime organizations and their impact on the human rights of people and communities in the southern provinces. Results from the research show a significant key to assisting policy and law enforcement authorities, and also provide alternatives that can help protect people such as Rohingyas and to conduct litigation for those who seek justice. The discovery also builds trust in the Thai government to adjust the application of policy through the theory of security and organized crime related to human trafficking of the Rohingya ethnic minority, and to form up suggestions for policy‐makers that can be used to deal with human trafficking problem in the southern Thailand region.</p> Theera Wongratch, Kamarulnizam Abdullah, Mazlan Bin Ismail ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/30195 Wed, 19 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Ageing Population and Economic Growth: Evidence from Malaysia https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/30196 <p>This main purpose of this article investigated the impact of ageing population on economic growth in Malaysia. Annual time series data for 27-year duration (1990-2017) was used and the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) was applied. This study will focuses on addressing role of ageing population in Malaysia by context that failed to receive much attention especially in employment sector. By using Romer [1] endogenous theory, the cointegration result revealed that exists a long run relationship exists between ageing population in Malaysia government development expenditure in education and economic growth. Our analysis recommends further investment in government expenditure in education sector to achieving higher human capital capability as a towards high income country and ageing phenomena.</p> Shairilizwan Taasim ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/30196 Fri, 21 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Concentration and Diversification of Export Economy of Bangladesh: Comparison and Policy Implication with Other Asian Countries https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/30197 <p>Bangladesh has achieved consistent economic growth last ten years. Its export is also growing but heavily depending on garment sector. This paper measures how much Bangladesh’s export concentration than other Asian countries China, Thailand and Vietnam. This paper uses n-Firm concentration to measure top 4 sector concentration, Herfindahl-Hirschman (HH) index to measure single industry domination and analyses current export for compare how much percentage contribution changes of major industries over the period. This paper finds Bangladesh’s export highly concentrated on single industry whereas other countries are more diversified on different sectors. Thailand and Vietnam have the same characteristics with Bangladesh in many aspects, but their export sectors diversified very nicely over the year. It explains major reasons for extreme concentration of Bangladesh’s export. This paper proposes a diversification framework for Bangladesh with identifying four major variables i.e Dynamic variables, Favourable variables, Structural Transformational Variables, and Policy and Commercial policy. It also suggests some factors with implementation guide under each variable with the experience of Thailand and Vietnam to implement the proposed framework.</p> Md Faiz, Pushkar Maitra ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/30197 Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Financial Development, Remittances Inflows and Economic Growth in Nigeria: A Time Series Analysis https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/30198 <p>This study examines whether financial development promotes remittances inflows and Nigerian economic growth. Using a time-series data for a period of 1985-2017, the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) technique was employed. The results suggest that financial development in Nigeria exerted no significant impact on economic growth. It is an indication that financial development is not a significant variable for promoting remittances inflows into Nigeria. However, the study concludes that remittances inflows are a substitute for promoting individual’s financial business opportunities and economic growth. The study therefore recommends that the government should strengthen the Nigeria financial institution, and also institute a financial reform initiative that can enhance financial security as well as ease of accessing remittances inflows.</p> Eric Olabode Olabisi, Sunday Oseiweh Ogbeide ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/30198 Sat, 05 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000