South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics</strong>&nbsp;<strong>(ISSN: 2581-821X)</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/SAJSSE/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Economics and Social Studies’. By not excluding papers based on novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open-access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> en-US contact@journalsajsse.com (South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics) contact@journalsajsse.com (South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics) Wed, 12 Jun 2024 11:03:16 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.11 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Impact of Digital Technology Adoption in Food Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises: A Case Study of Borobudur Area in Indonesia https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/840 <p><strong>Aim: </strong>To investigate the awareness of using digital technology in Food MSMEs and understand its benefits.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong>&nbsp; This research uses a quantitative approach with hypothesis testing.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> The research location is in the Borobudur area, Borobudur District, Magelang Regency, Central Java, one of Indonesia's priority tourist destinations. The duration of the research study is approximately 6 months, from June to December 2023.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> This study's dependent or bound variable (Y) is Food MSME's Scaling Up in the Borobudur area. Independent or independent variables (X) are Asset Efficiency (X1), Lower Cost (X2), Quality (X3), and Safety &amp; Sustainability (X4). Data collection was done through surveys, questionnaires, and structured observations. The number of respondents in this study was 145 respondents of local food MSMEs are in the Borobudur area, Borobudur District, Magelang Regency, Central Java. Data is tested with the Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Model (PLS-SEM) using SmartPLS version 3.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results obtained in terms of quality (QT), lower cost (LC), safety, and Sustainability (SAS) were found to have a significant impact on food MSME's scaling up (FMS). However, asset efficiency (AE) was found to have no significant impact on food MSME scaling up (FMS). This research can contribute valuable insights to guide policymakers, industry stakeholders, and MSMEs toward more effective technology adoption strategies that drive growth and resilience in an increasingly digital business landscape.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Quality (QT), Lower Cost (LC), Safety And Sustainability (SAS) were found to have a significant impact on food MSME's scaling up (FMS). However, asset efficiency (AE) was found to have no significant impact on food MSME's scaling up (FMS). Overcoming challenges associated with digital adoption is crucial for these businesses to thrive in a rapidly evolving business landscape.</p> Suci Sandi Wachyuni, Tri Kuntoro Priyambodo, Ramon Hurdawaty, Dewi Ayu Kusumaningrum Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/840 Wed, 12 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Socio-economic Factors Influencing Migrant Labourers in Western Regions of Tanzania: Evidence from Kibondo District, Kigoma Region, Tanzania https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/841 <p>This study examines the socio-economic factors influencing migrant labourers in Kibondo District, Kigoma Region. The research focuses on exploring their interactions, conflicts, economic relationships, consumer behaviour, skill development, and the socio-economic conditions in both their places of origin and destination. The study specifically investigates male migrants from Burundi with limited education who migrate to Kibondo in search of political stability, job opportunities, and higher wages. A snowball sampling is adopted to recruit 196 respondents to participate in the study. Findings show that the push-pull factors driving migration in the study area are resource endowment, societal status aspirations, job prospects, and economic opportunities in their places of origin. The study identifies various challenges faced by these migrants during their early employment stages, including late wages, health problems, verbal abuse, and wage disputes. Moreover, the research highlights the economic ties maintained by migrants with employers, neighbours, and fellow migrants while noting their limited interaction with the host community. For the post-migration, the study reveals that migrant workers experience increased economic empowerment, manage family expenses, support children’s education, alleviate poverty, and acquire financial skills. However, regular savings pose a challenge. The study underscores the importance of different stakeholder support for the migrants through education and skill development programs, gender-specific support interventions, financial inclusion and literacy, social support networks, diversification of economic opportunities, and policy interventions.</p> Lemmy Doreen Nhende, Tumaini Gotfried Rwela, Yohana James Mgale Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/841 Fri, 14 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Financial Management in Public Secondary Schools, Arumeru District, Tanzania: An Econometric Case Study https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/842 <p>The main purpose of this study was to investigate the skills of heads of schools in managing unit costs for financing students in public secondary schools in the Arumeru District Council. Effective financial management is critical for optimizing the limited resources available to public schools, and the competence of school heads in handling unit costs plays a pivotal role in this regard. The research employs a mixed-methods approach, combining quantitative surveys and qualitative interviews with school heads, teachers, and district education officers. A sample size of 30 heads of secondary schools, 60 secondary school teachers, and 1 district education officers were used in this research. The findings reveal that while some heads of schools demonstrate proficient financial management skills, others lack the necessary expertise, leading to inefficiencies in resource allocation and utilization. Also the study revealed that the head of schools are involved in the process of making budge.&nbsp; However the key factors influencing their financial management skills include professional training, experience, and support from district education authorities. The study underscores the need for targeted professional development programs to enhance the financial management capabilities of school heads. Recommendations include the implementation of continuous training workshops, peer learning opportunities, and stronger support mechanisms from the district education offices. By improving the financial management skills of school heads, public secondary schools in the Tanzania can better allocate resources, thereby enhancing educational outcomes and ensuring sustainable funding mechanisms.</p> Wilson Daniel John Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/842 Fri, 14 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Kitchen Layout Design and Individual Work Performance of Eatery in Davao Del Norte, Philippines https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/843 <p>This study assessed the level of kitchen layout design and individual work performance in eateries in Davao del Norte, Philippines. A descriptive-correlational research design was employed in this study to determine the relationship between the two variables. The respondents of this study were 207 employees of eateries in Davao del Norte, selected through a simple random sampling technique. Two adapted questionnaires were used, and the statistical tools included mean, Pearson r, and standard deviation. The findings of this study revealed that the level of kitchen layout design in terms of lighting, space or arrangement of kitchen equipment, and type of flooring was very high. The investigation also found that the level of individual work performance in terms of task performance, contextual performance, and counterproductive work behavior was very high, indicating that these behaviors were always manifest. Additionally, the study found a significant relationship between kitchen layout design and individual work performance, with an r value of 0.781 and a p-value of 0.000. Therefore, it was recommended to select a suitable kitchen layout design in eateries to enhance individual performance and workplace productivity. Future researchers were encouraged to continue exploring the space or arrangement of kitchen equipment to better manage kitchens and develop creative technologies for improved comprehension in these areas. Enhancing the study of task and contextual performance was suggested to emphasize human factor considerations and a holistic approach to boost productivity outcomes.</p> Aila Krisiel B. Aparece, Mary Grace T. Ayop, Angelica T. Ruz, Angelica P. Lazaro Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/843 Mon, 17 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Employee Retention Strategies and Job Satisfaction in Local Government Authorities in Tanzania. A case of Tabora Municipal Council https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/844 <p>The problem of Job Dissatisfaction among the employees is very common in Tabora Municipal Council that leads to poor performance among the employees. In response to the problem, the current study had the main objective that aimed to assess the impact of employees’ retention strategies towards job satisfaction in Local Government Authorities in Tanzania, Tabora Municipal Council being a case study with three specific objectives namely;&nbsp; to identify Employees’ Retention Strategies available for job Satisfaction in Tabora Municipal Council, to examine the challenges facing the implementation of Employees’ Retention Strategies for Job satisfaction in Tabora Municipal Council as well as to investigate the relationship between Employees’ Retention Strategies and Job Satisfaction in Tabora Municipal Council. The study was guided by the two theories namely;- Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory and Alderfer’s ERG Theory to guide this study effectively. The study employed a mixed method and a case study design. The study involved a sample size of 98 respondents which was the whole entire population with the Purposive Sampling Technique. Data were collected through questionnaires and interviews. Data analysis methods were descriptive statistics and content analysis. The study findings discovered that there is a need for the organizations of today that need to enter in competitive advantage that they must invest in employees so that to create job satisfaction that in turn leads to good employee performance. The study concluded that the problem of job dissatisfaction has affected many employees particularly from public sector organizations. Thus the government must support these organizations by implementing the existing government policies related to HR Policies. The study recommends policy makers at the Ministry of Public Service and Good Governance to adhere the decentralization by devolution HR policies by allowing the stakeholders to participate fully in the policy formulation process and implementation of the HR Policies which are friendly to employees.</p> Norbert Peter Nyoni Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/844 Mon, 17 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Village-Owned Enterprise (Bumdes) Samudera Mandiri, Patumbak Subdistrict, Deli Serdang Regency, Indonesia: A Descriptive Case Study https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/845 <p>This study aims to analyze the performance of the Village-Owned Enterprise (BUMDes) Samudera Mandiri in improving the income of the Marindal II Village community, Patumbak Subdistrict, Deli Serdang Regency. BUMDes Samudera Mandiri has been operating for eight years, focusing on household waste collection. This research employs a qualitative descriptive method, gathering data through observations, interviews, and document analysis. The findings indicate that the management of BUMDes Samudera Mandiri is effective in meeting four out of five good organizational performance indicators, despite a deficit between revenue and operational costs in 2023. However, BUMDes has not significantly increased community income, having only created ten new jobs. Supporting factors include available resource potential, and support from the village and subdistrict governments and community. Major obstacles are limited budget, low community participation, and lack of human resource competencies. Recommendations for improving BUMDes Samudera Mandiri's performance include increasing business capital, enhancing cooperation with companies through CSR, training for managers, and increasing community socialization and participation in BUMDes programs. These steps are expected to allow BUMDes Samudera Mandiri to contribute more significantly to the welfare of the Marindal II Village community.</p> Eginta Brando , Suwardi Lubis , Erika Revida Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. https://journalsajsse.com/index.php/SAJSSE/article/view/845 Tue, 18 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000