Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Determining the Membership of Farmer’s in Producer Organization (PO) a Study in the Assam State of India

Prabir Datta, Jagathjhuti Datta, Sanjib Shil

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2018/v1i125763

Aim of this study to document the factors that influence farmer’s participation in producer organizations. To address these issues, the Government of Assam decided to mobilize farmers in the form of Producer organization (PO). Producer organization meant for effective management of agriculture in a specific crop field. The history of Producer Organizations indicates that after performing successfully for a period of time it almost defunct. For sustainability of Producer Organizations, factors influencing its membership pattern need to be studied. Therefore, this study was conducted in Jorhat District of Assam to address this issue. Total 240 respondents were selected (120 members and 120 non-members of Producer Organizations) by using multistage sampling technique. The instrument for data collection was questionnaire that consists of two sections. Section one contained Individual level information i.e. Age, Education, Gender, Caste, Organizational participation, Extent of public extension contact. Section two had Family level/ house hold information i.e. Primary source of income, Size of the family, annual family income, Size of operational land holding. The t test indicated that there were significant difference between age, operational land holding, the extent of government extension contact, the primary source of income and annual family income of members’ and non-members’ means in these characteristics, both the groups were heterogeneous. From forward stepwise regression analysis, it was found that extension contact, operational land holding, annual family income and caste influences the membership pattern of Producer Organization. These variables together explained 67.50 per cent (Adjusted R2 =0.675) of the variance of effective factors on farmer’s membership pattern toward producer organizations. The study recommended that extension machinery should give emphasise on these factors and manipulate these factors for enrolling more farmers.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Impact of Employee Personality Traits on Organizational Commitment in an Apparel Industry in Trincomalee District

H. M. M. L. Herath, Faizal Antanat Shamila

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2018/v1i125766

This research aims to investigate the Impact of Employee Personality Traits on Organizational Commitment among the employees of the apparel industry in Trincomalee. Based on the comprehensive literature review, two groups of variables were identifying in the workplace. Two variables were personality traits and organizational commitment. Personality traits include openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversions, agreeableness, neuroticism, Organizational commitment contains affective commitment, continuance commitment, and normative commitment.

The sample was drawn employees of the apparel industry in Trincomalee District. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the primary data from the sample. The primary data were collected through closed structure questionnaire from 200 respondents from selected garment factories in Trincomalee. Data analysis was used to analyses the primary data and data were analyzed by using univariate, bivariate and regression analyses.

These outcomes show the analyzed data revealed that the personality traits are positively and significantly impact of organizational commitment. So, it can be revealed that there is a positive and significant impact on personality traits on organizational commitment in selected garment factories in Trincomalee District.

Open Access Original Research Article

Credit Management Practices and Bank Performance: Evidence from First Bank

Ogunlade Olabamiji, Oseni Michael

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2018/v1i125772

The study examined the influence of credit management practices on financial performance of Nigerian banks with specific reference to First bank Plc. Data was collected using Purposive sampling technique from thirty (30) respondents as a sample size used to collect data from the respondents. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze data, such as frequency, percentage, weighted mean score, and multiple regression. The result revealed that credit management practices have a significant positive influence on the financial performance of First bank. The result concluded that client appraisal, credit risk control, and collection policy are major predictors of financial performance of First bank. Subsequently, the study recommended that management of other banks should learn from First bank by enhancing their client appraisal techniques, credit risk control and adopting a more stringent policy to improve their financial performance.

Open Access Original Research Article

Traditional Bureaucratic Culture as an Impeding Factor in Implementing New Public Management in Bangladesh

Naim Ebna Rahman

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2018/v1i125773

Since the independence in 1971, Bangladesh has made a commendable progress in all sector of the state in its 47 years of journey. Over this period it has come across to a long way in administrative reforms under different political regimes. Most of the reforms in the administrative section could not achieve the desired results due to different reasons. This paper particularly tries to find out how traditional bureaucratic culture has been an impeding force on the way of implementing New Public Management in Bangladesh. Public servants have been a strong body in Bangladesh due to different political incidents. Basically military backed governments at different times were highly dependent on bureaucratic administration. Such political practice has grown a peculiar culture of reform resistant behavior among administrative members. As a result, they are not enough open to new changes in the administrative system and thus impeding the implementation of new administrative reforms frequently as there remain uncertainties of power distribution.

Open Access Review Article

Health Care Expenditure in Nigeria and National Productivity: A Review

Matthew Idowu Olatubi, Olufemi Oyebanji Oyediran, Iyanuoluwa Oreofe Adubi, Oluwakemi Christie Ogidan

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2018/v1i125768

National productivity of any nation is a function of the health of such nation which is usually an offshoot of how much such nation invests into the health care system. This paper assesses the health care expenditure of Nigeria and resultant effects on the national productivity. An overview of literature shows that health care expenditure in Nigeria is very poor and low compared to other developing nations even in Africa. The little money that is made available is invested majorly in the curative aspect of health care as against preventive health care that promotes national productivity. This paper suggests that to achieve the much needed improvement in national productivity, special attention must be paid to increasing national investment in health sector especially in primary prevention.