Open Access Original Research Article

Tourism Development and Sustainable Economic Development: Evidence from South Western Nigeria

Aremu Atinuke Bukola, Lawal Lateefat Olaitan

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2018/v2i125816

Aims: The study was done (i) to examine the influence of tourism on sustainable economic development, and (ii) to identify the factors affecting tourism development in South Western Nigeria.

Study Design: Descriptive survey design was employed for the study. 

Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried out in seven cities of different states of South Western Nigeria, namely: Erin-Ijesa, Osun Oshogbo Sacred Grove in Osun State; Oyo town in Oyo State, Ikogosi, Ekiti State, Abeokuta in Ogun State, Idanre town of Ondo State and Victoria Island, Lagos.

Methodology: Ten (10) respondents each from all the seven cities were selected and questionnaire and the oral interview was done with them. The obtained data were statistically analysed using SPSS.

Results: Respondents agreed that tourism had improved household income and government revenue tremendously and lack of interest by financial institutions to lend capital to tourism investors are significant challenges confronting tourism. The tourism development has a statistically significant influence on sustainable economic development also.

Conclusion: The study concludes that development of tourism is an engine room of economically sustainable development, and recommends that government should attract private investors to invest in tourism, to foster the state economy.

Open Access Original Research Article

Hazardous Working Conditions and Employers Perception Regarding Child Laborer: A Study at Sylhet City of Bangladesh

Md. Abdul Ahad, Farjana Eleen, Mitu Chowdhury

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2018/v2i125822

In Bangladesh, children are working under hazardous condition due to the necessity that pushes them to labour. The present study is an attempt to explore the socio-economic conditions of child labourers, working conditions as well as employer’s views regarding child labours of Sylhet city. The study was conducted through personal interview with 70 child labourers and 50 employers. The simple random sampling procedure was used to select respondents. The study reveals that 48% cannot read and write. In case of occupation, 20% are automobile worker, 18% are rickshaw puller and 13% are domestic labor. About 64% of child labourers are landless, and 40% of the child labourer's monthly income rages from 600-1000 Taka as well as 40% are dependent on employer’s convenience. About 45% child labourer's working in hazardous environment and 76% are working 11 or more hours per day. Safeguard and medical facilities from owner’s side are not satisfactory. According to employers view, 32% and 28% recruit child labourers because of their obedience and availability of child workers respectively. Most of the employer’s (46%) recruit child labourer through the help of worker’s parents/relatives. Almost all of the employers revealed that they do not provide medical, transportation, even training facilities to the child labourers. But 84% of the employers provide foods during work time. The above data are clearly reflecting the hazardous circumstances of child labourers. Finally, areas and context-specific data are essential to raise awareness against child labour and also for future policies and effective surveillance initiatives.

Open Access Original Research Article

Beneficiary Assessment of Development Interventions Implemented by Rural Development Animation Programme in Katsina and Kaduna States, North-West Nigeria

O. Adeleye, P. O. Adeleye

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2018/v2i125825

A beneficiary assessment of the community development interventions implemented by Rural Development Animation Programme (RUDAP) in Katsina State and some parts of Kaduna State, Northwest Nigeria was conducted to determine the relevance of RUDAP’s interventions to the development priorities of the target groups and to assess the changes in the living conditions of the people due to RUDAP’s activities. The assessment was also aimed at ascertaining the level of participation of the target groups in the implementation of the development interventions by the organisation. The three (3) operational zones of RUDAP were purposively selected, and in each zone, 3 villages were selected to cover all the activities implemented by the organisation. In each village community, focus group discussions involving 15 persons were conducted separately for women and men beneficiaries. RUDAP’s interventions were support for construction of cereal bank/grain store, provision of the hand-driven borehole and sanitation enlightenment. The results showed that the interventions implemented by RUDAP were relevant to the critical issues identified by the target groups for better life namely household food shortages, poor access to potable water and prevalence of unsanitary conditions. Changes in living conditions of the target groups attributable to RUDAP’s interventions included all year round household food supply, improved family cohesion among householders, increased income through the selling of surplus food grains in cereal banks when prices were more favourable. Others were reduced incidence of water- borne diseases, elimination of drudgery associated with fetching water from rivers and ease of maintaining personal hygiene. Participation of target groups in project implementation was in the form of financial and non-financial contribution. The findings from the beneficiary assessment underscored the importance of needs assessment prior to project design and implementation as well as the involvement of target groups in planning, implementation and evaluation of community development initiatives.

Open Access Original Research Article

Green Consumption, Environmental Marketing and Green Advertising: A Look at the Privatization of Nature from the Perspective of Liquid Modernity

Giselle Gama Torres Ferreira, Fred Tavares, Gabriel Grego Fialho

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2018/v2i125828

The production of new market arrangements that can reveal the appropriation of nature as a strategy of consumption for the benefit of capital is observed in the contemporaneity. From this perspective, this research investigates Green Consumption, from an interdisciplinary perspective, to reveal if contemporary advertising with social and environmental appeal influences the process of production of new subjectivities even more rooted in consumption. The methodology adopted is the qualitative exploratory research of the "green" ads published in Veja magazine between 2004 and 2014. The theoretical foundation is built from Bauman and other authors who with this dialogue. From this clipping, some clues are analyzed about the legitimacy of environmental marketing strategies focused exclusively on consumption expansion. The study takes a look at the use of advertising and marketing as a way to legitimize and feedback the idea of ​​"productize" nature, that is, presented as a commodity ready to be consumed, and discusses how the new "green" stamp models can be produced and reproduced on the market. Finally, this work brings publicity and environmental marketing as possible instruments for the formation of new "ways of being", even more rooted in the logic of consumption, decrease medical as well as a financial burden, hence improving the management of cirrhotic patients. These predictors, however, need further work to validate reliability.

Open Access Review Article

The Influence of Emotional Stability on Employees’ Performance: A Review

G. O. Oriarewo, S. A. Ofobruku, K. Agbaezee, Z. A. Tor

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2018/v2i125820

The research argues that employees’ emotional stability will enable workers of the organisation to achieve better performance. This study interrogated and affirms the nexus between emotional stability and employees’ performance, zeroing – in on self-awareness as the taxonomy for guaranteeing the ability for employees’ to meet the organisation expected requirement from time to time and establish the relationship existed between self-management and employees’ commitment. The research engaged a qualitative method with reliance on secondary data; the study also used the self-efficacy theory (ability to execute a particular behaviour pattern) as the framework for the textual analysis of apprehensions/themes floodlit the discussion, conclusion, and recommendations. Findings of this study revealed that employees’ performance is a product of emotional stability. The recommendations proffered are capable of addressing the holes and challenges.