Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Parental Economic Status on Enrollment of Learners with Physical Challenge in Preschools in Riruta Zone, Dagoretti Sub-county, Nairobi County, Kenya

M. W. Githu, S. Waliaula, L. Milimu

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2019/v3i230099

Aim: This study sought to establish the influence of parents’ economic status on the enrollment of learners with physical challenges in preschools

Methodology: This study employed descriptive ex-post research design to facilitate determination of the influence of independent variables (parental economic status) on the dependent variable (enrollment of children with motor disability in preschools). The target population of 362 persons comprised of 33 headteachers, 131 teachers and 198 parents. By use of stratified and simple random sampling techniques, 66 parents were selected in addition to 11 headteachers and 33 teachers to constitute the sample size of 110. Data collection instruments used were questionnaires for headteachers and teachers and interview schedule guides for parents. Collected data was arranged and analyzed by use of Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS). Quantitative data was correlated, expressed in means, percentages, descriptive statistics and chi-square tests to show the association (P < 0.05 at 95% confidence level) and their effect on outcome variables. Unstructured questions in questionnaires and interview schedules were analyzed qualitatively through grouping responses in respect to priority and strength of the response.

Results: The economic status of the parents had a positive association with enrollment of learners with motor disability in preschools. Learners with motor disability from parents of high economic status had a higher enrollment in preschools. There was no significant difference on enrollment among sexes, schools and types of schools (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: The study concludes that economic status of parents affect enrollment of learners with physical challenges in the preschools.  Enhancing the economic status of parents will boost the enrollment of children with motor disability in preschools.

Open Access Original Research Article

Influence of Process Plan on Agricultural Cooperative Societies Performance in Kenya

Javan Ngeywo, Caroline Ayuma, Edmund Were

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2019/v3i230100

Process plan implementation plays a key role in the organizational performance especially the coffee cooperative societies. Coffee cooperative societies enable the pooling of resources towards betterment of livelihood of rural folk particularly the farmers. The study was carried out in order to establish the level of contribution of process plan towards the performance of agricultural cooperatives specifically the coffee cooperative societies in Trans Nzoia County, Kenya. The study utilized structured questionnaire administered to 346 coffee farmers. The respondents were arrived at using purposive and simple random sampling techniques. Data were analysed using Spearman’s correlation coefficient together with regression. It was established that process plan had positive statistical significance on the organizational performance (P < 0.05), hence community development practitioners and agricultural extension officers should enhance utilization of process plan in the agricultural cooperative societies.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Fiscal Deficit and Government Debt on Interest Rate in Pakistan

Najia Shakir, Sami Ullah, Salim Ullah Khan, Muhammad Qasim

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-17
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2019/v3i230101

The current study was conducted in the year 2014 in Pakistan to investigate the impact of fiscal deficit and government debt on the interest rate.  Data on selected macroeconomic variables like fiscal deficit, government debt, GDP per capita, money supply and volume of trade etc. from the year 1990 to 2012.  The study also has tried to find out that how the interest rate in the country is affected by the government debt and fiscal deficit. Augmented Dickey-Fuller test was run to address the stationary issue in the data, and then Ordinary Least Square (OLS) model test was run to check the relationship among the variables. Two models were set in the study. In the first model, the relationship of GDP per capita, money supply, total debt servicing and volume of trade showed a significant relationship with the fiscal deficit, while in the second model the relationship of inflation, fiscal deficit, money supply, government debt and public debt showed a significant relationship with the interest rate. Policy makers are advised to focus on the increase of DGP/Capita and export volume. In order to sustain the rate of inflation, the government may regulate the money supply and public borrowing.

Open Access Original Research Article

Informal Financial Institution and Sustainable Development Goal of Poverty Reduction in Kogi State, Nigeria

Oluwoyo, J. Temidayo, Audu Peter

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2019/v3i230102

Among the various SDGs, Poverty reduction which is the foremost goal is fundamental, strategic and crucial to the achievement of the other goals in which can be achieved among other ways with an efficient, effective, diverse, indigenous and innovative financial market. With a dualised financial market inherent in Nigerian economy as obtainable in most developing countries, the study seeks to study the role of the informal financial institution on the sustainable goal of poverty reduction in Nigeria with particular reference to Kogi State using the Moneylender theory as its theoretical Framework. The study sampled 600 respondents using stratified sampling technique carried out by dividing the population into 3 subsets based on the senatorial districts ( East, West, Central) 4 local government areas are randomly selected from each of the senatorial districts, 10 wards were selected from each of the local government area to give a total of 120 stratum. 10 respondents were selected from each of the wards  concluded whose response was analyzed using descriptive statistics and Ordinary Least square hence the result showed that Non financial institution is a potential voyage toward the actualization of the Sustainable goal of poverty reduction in Kogi state, Nigeria and recommended that  Institutional and legal framework be structured to enable non financial institution to perform the role of money lender while serving as intermediary between the complex financial institution and the unorganised low income earners alias the  masses and those in the social recesses of the society.

Open Access Original Research Article

Customer Relationship Management Dimensions and Nigerian Banks’ Performance: Evidence from Zenith Bank Plc

G. T. Ayo-Oyebiyi, I. O. Ladokun, D. Jooda Taiwo

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2019/v3i230103

Today, customers are looking for benefits from the bank, better service, lower transaction fees, higher interest rates, a sign of prestige, new products access from different channels. This study evaluates the influence of CRM dimensions on bank performance. Zenith Bank Plc was selected through purposive method, while judgmental sampling technique was also used to select Head of Operation, Accountant, Auditor, and Branch Manager from its 35 branches in Lagos, Nigeria, totaling 140 respondents as a sample size for the study. Multiple regression analysis, Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method of estimation was employed to analyze the data. Results revealed that CRM dimensions (customer involvement, long-term relationship with customers, joint problem-solving and information sharing) jointly and independently influence bank performance measured by customer satisfaction, deposit mobilization and profit level. Subsequently, the study recommended that management of Nigerian banks should be actively involved in changes in organization in order to spread positive vision of CRM concept and to support organizational change.