Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Affect to Consumers Green Purchasing Behavior: A Study on Batticaloa District

H. Shamini, G. Hariharan

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2019/v5i130135

Nowadays the environmental issues become a global concern for whole countries. Thus, it could be observed a worldwide rapid ecological awareness; entire community has realized the necessity of environmental protection. At the same time, people are educated to become aware on the environmental protection. A research study revealed that “consumers are becoming more sensitive in their environmental attitudes, preferences, and purchases” [1]. Adopting green consumption behavior is a mechanism encourage to maintain sustainable environment. Meanwhile, both consumers and businesses are concerned about the development of sustainable environment in Sri Lanka. Though they have the willingness to adopt still their green consumption behavior is in the early stage.

This study attempts to identify the major factors affecting consumers’ green purchasing behavior in Batticaloa district. A sample of 200 consumers’ response attained through convenience sampling method to examine the key factors influencing to green purchasing behavior. The data obtained from the survey were analyzed with reliability test, mean and regression analysis. The findings revealed that perception of eco labeling, willingness to pay and green knowledge & eco literacy have a significant impact on green purchasing behavior. At the same time environmental laws & guidelines has no significant impact on green purchasing behavior. Hence, study concluded that perception of eco labeling, willingness to pay and green knowledge & eco literacy are key reasons to promote green purchasing behavior. It will help to policy makers and managers in formulating and implementing strategies to encourage green purchasing among the targeted consumers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Subjective View of Political Officers on Social Action: Phenomenology Study of Aksi Bela Islam (ABI) 212 (Action of Defending Islam) among Members of House of Representative of the Republic of Indonesia (DPR RI)

Almuzzammil Yusuf, Ibnu Hammad, Arif Subhan

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2019/v5i130136

It was on 2 December 2016 that the enormous number of Islamic mass was on a gigantic demonstration, known as Aksi Bela Islam (ABI) 212 (Action of Defending Islam), in Jakarta which further was subject to the controversy by many parties including politicians. This research aims at finding out how ABI 212 is viewed by the 2014-2019 House of Representative of The Republic of Indonesia (DPR RI). 

The research employed the interpretation framework of George Herbert Mead which put the view on ABI 212 as a Phenomenon interpretation. In line with the Mead theory which believes that view is in a subjective territory, the research employed perception phenomenology method with a subjective paradigm through the qualitative data analysis technique from Miles and Huberman.

It was found that each of the representatives has their view on ABI 212. It was subjective and relative from one to another based on their intellectual and social background. The variety of the views can be united into those who are pro-ABI 212 because of the religious partisanship which has been formed long before the ABI 212. In regard with the "multi-generalized other", The organization’s view tends to be independent because of some aspects of the party's attitudes such as the market orientation shifting and the strong Islamic idealism legacy from their previous Islamic organizations.

Open Access Original Research Article

Boko Haram Insurgency and the Underdevelopment of Girl- Child in Northeastern Nigeria: Implication for National Development

Cyprian Clement Abur, Ngozi Edith Iyoho

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2019/v5i130137

In recent times, millions of girl-child in Northeastern schools in Nigeria are caught up in conflicts that resulted from Boko Haram to insecurity which affected their school attendance. This paper examines the effect of Boko Haram Insurgency on girl- child attendance in secondary schools in Northeastern Nigeria. The study purposively selects three states in north eastern Nigeria.  The study employed primary and secondary data; 360 respondents were randomly selected. The Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression model was used to analyzed the data collected. The OLS regression model result shows that the R2 is as high as 0.680, this suggests that Boko Haram has influence on the girlchild attendance in secondary schools in the Northeastern Nigeria, therefore, the null hypothesis that Boko Haram insurgency has no significant effect on Girlchild attendance in Secondary Schools in Nigeria is rejected. This implies that Boko Haram insurgency has significant effects on Girl- child attendance in Secondary Schools in Nigeria. The study recommended that professional public private partnership (4 P’s) should provide all necessary support to teachers and students, who have been affected by violence in Northeast of Nigeria, this should include rehabilitation and resettlement for those who have been forced to flee to return for academic pursuit.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessing the Role of Gender in Identifying and Prioritizing Local Ecosystem Services of Trees in Croplands

Tuemay Tassew, Gebru Eyasu

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2019/v5i130138

The overall objective of the study was to assess and compare the role of gender in identifying and prioritizing the ecosystem services of trees in croplands. The research was carried out in croplands and species inventory in each cropland was conducted during field observations of every tree species by interviewing the local farmers and/or villagers. A questionnaire containing both close-ended and open-ended questions were designed to collect information about the role of gender in identifying and prioritizing the ecosystem services supplied by each tree species in croplands based on local communities. A total of 15 ecosystem services were identified from trees in croplands by both men and women. The number and type of ecosystem services identified by men and women were different. The differences could be due to different access and benefits from ecosystem services. As a result, their perception and knowledge of ecosystem services could also vary. After identification of each ecosystem service, a paired two-tail t-test was conducted whether the list of individual score values given to each local ecosystem services identified by both men and women were the same or not. The statistical result of the paired t-test showed that the score values of all the ecosystem services that are only identified by both men and women were not statistically significant. This can imply that the commonly identified ecosystem services have more or less similar importance to men and women. The findings in this research demonstrate that ecosystem services identification might cause gender biases on women due to neglected control and access to the ecosystem services of trees in croplands which in turn could have an impact on tree resource management, conservation, and development interventions. Therefore, integrating women in ecosystem service access and control can help build various experiences of gender and balanced institutions which can aid collective and effective tree and forest resource management and to maximize the benefits for all beneficiaries of the ecosystem services.

Open Access Original Research Article

Changes in Crude Oil Prices and the Flow of Government Revenue

Chukwunweike Stella, Achu Tonia Chinedu, Awa Kalu Idika

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2019/v5i130139

This work is set out as an investigation into the impact of change in oil prices on government revenue broken into oil and nonoil component. Drawing data from the Central Bank Statistical Bulletin and covering the period 1981 to 2018. The Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Model was used because of its advantages over other regression techniques. It was found that changes in oil price affected oil revenue within the studied period leaving no significant impact on nonoil revenue. The result obviously reflects the Nigerian economy and its mono-product characteristic. It is therefore recommended that a conscious policy effort should be made to diversify the economy in a manner that makes revenue to the government multifarious functions.