Open Access Short Research Article
Aims: To analyze financial inclusion as a channel to alleviate inequality in order to provide insight into the edifice of inequality reduction.
Study Design: Dynamic panel study.
Place and Duration of Study: Sub-Saharan African countries over the period 2004-2018.
Methodology: Using the generalized method of moments (GMM) on a sample of 27 Sub-Saharan African countries.
Results: The results show that the estimated financial inclusion index has a negative effect on income inequality. Therefore, the depth of commercial bank branches and the effective use of bank accounts reduce income inequality.
Conclusion: Increase financial inclusion as well as the development of financial infrastructure and the provision of specific low-cost services tailored to low-income households.
Open Access Opinion Article
Aims: The purpose of this report is to show how important the formation of Destination Management Organization (DMO) for overlapping document legal policy in the management of the use of Banten Jungle Park. Regional government regulations in an area of Jungle Park is the territorial government and with the ministry of forestry, the forest management authority is under authority of Ministry of Forestry. The problem is with the local governments were not providing space for conservation and a limitation on tourism activity in the Jungle Park, while the Ministry of Forestry regulation, conservation is the main purpose of forest management in which there is special restrictions to be done in the use of the forest as conservation tourism. By the existance of Spatial Planning Forum, all stakeholders have interest and objectives together so the Forest conservation efforts could be done well as together.
Presentation of Case: Based on legislative regulation prevailing the management of Banten Forest park, it is given to the ministry of forestry and provincial government, as well as the district government. From the aspect of tourism sustainable development, the situation of overlapping legislative regulations could be obstacles in the practice of sustainable tourism in the Banten Forest park because the two agencies have a different interest in forest utilization.
Discussion: In various destinations, DMO is not just change the place to be tourist destination, describing tourism policy which is less integrated to become integrated and coordination between various stakeholders. At the moment, DMO have adjusted the tasks and activities in marketing aspects destination because of increased competition and a market changing. DMO stakeholders need an active role in defining fundamental strategy and management business networks but it takes an independent strategy collaborated toward a share goal, cooperation, and having synergy between all stakeholders who are in destinations.
Conclusion: The whole legislation roles made in order to increase of public economic should be placed within the framework of the sustainable development goals insightful environment.
Open Access Short communication
This research paper basically discussed about the empirical gaps when identifying the relationship between student engagement and their academic achievement, which would be useful for the future researches on the topic. Secondary data collection was used. A critical Literature Review was conducted using a sample size of 22 articles. The first gap is about the sample size, where the sample is being limited to just one university/school/institute. The second gap is about the way the researchers have measured the academic achievement, where most have done using a single subject result, which would be impractical. Thirdly, lack of qualitative approaches to measure the relationship between student engagement and academic achievement is identifies as a gap. As the fourth gap, students from all the years and variety of faculties should be taken, as student engagement might vary with them. As the fifth gap, many researchers have identified that most researches have been carried out targeting one country, which might be failed to give an overall result on the relationship. The sixth gap identified was that many of the researchers have paid to the respondents in filling the survey and therefore the researchers have faced restrictions due to unavailability of sufficient financial resources. The last gap which was identified throughout the literature was that information technology nowadays has an influence on student engagement and the fact was not taken into account by most of the researches. At the latter part of the research, the recommendations to the future researchers were given.
Open Access Original Research Article
The term Glass Ceiling (GC) refers to an invisible barrier that hinders and blocks women from being promoted to higher managerial level positions. This study is wholly focused on the central problem of the effects of Glass Ceiling on Women Career Blooming. The research problem marked under the study is to find out the effects of Glass Ceiling on women Career Blooming, in the Sri Lankan academic sector. The structure of this study was entirely designed according to the conceptual framework, created using information from past literature. Level analysis is used to discover whether there is an effect of Family Factors, Organizational Factors, Individual Factors and Educational Factors on Women Career Blooming. The sample of the study consists of 214 women lecturers from two selected universities. Data were collected in the form of a structured questionnaire and six interviews were conducted. Regression and level analysis were used to analyze the gathered data. Research findings reveal that Glass Ceiling and Women Career Blooming have a negative relationship. Furthermore, the findings reveal that family and organizational factors have a significant effect on women Career Blooming and individual and educational factors have a moderate effect on women Career Blooming. By taking into consideration the research findings of the study, suggestions for future studies, limitations of the study and future recommendations have been made.
Open Access Original Research Article
Aims: The purpose of this research paper is the study of the applicability of Blockchain technology and Smart Contracts to manage, control and secure an industrial Internet of Things network (IoT) for pooled warehouses with multiple actors and activities (not only restricted to transport and storage as currently developed in enterprises).
Problem: IoT technology enables things to connect and exchange data, resulting in efficiency improvements, economic benefits, reduced human intervention and enabled interactions (information exchange and analysis) between human/machine to machine. However, the main difficulties lie in the definition of a robust global mechanism to secure the IoT, the awareness of resources diversity (heterogeneity of devices), and physical management of IoT. This article will attempt to answer these questionings.
Results: To respond to these questions, we propose a hybrid architecture based on blockchains and multi-agents system to secure an industrial IoT corresponding to a pooled warehouse system. The proposed hybrid architecture completely represents our system, with all actors and connected objects in the pooled warehouse strategy. It is composed by two parts: a centralized part based on the multi-agents system to represent dynamic evolutions of actors’ behavior and a decentralized part, which corresponds to our block chain and smart contracts network to dynamically connect actors’ agents to pooled resources. The multi-agent system is coupled with game theory (cooperative game) to have a good systemic representation of our pooled warehouse management problem.