Open Access Short Research Article

Is Oil Rent a Curse for Health in Africa?

Lepatouo Ngouffo Martial

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 60-70
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2020/v6i330172

Aims/ Objectives: To determine whether oil rent is a curse for the health of populations in Africa.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Oil-producing African countries over the period 2000-2015.
Methodology: Using the Random effects (RE) and the Two Stages Least Square (2SLS) estimators on a sample of 18 Oil-producing African countries.
Results: The results show that oil rent has a negative effect on life expentancy.
Conclusion: The fact that oil-producing African countries have a source of revenue that does not depend on taxation, means that the governments of these countries do not make health an important part of public policy.

Open Access Original Research Article

Land Conflicts and Land Tenure Effects on Agriculture Productivity in Chad

Djimoudjiel Djekonbe, Tchoffo Tameko Gautier

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2020/v6i330166

The objective of this article is to measure the extent of land conflicts on agricultural productivity and yields in the most conflict-prone regions of Chad. We obtained the results that, the interaction of land conflicts in agricultural activity is a barrier to productivity and the improvement of agricultural yields. The effects of climate change on yields and productivity are dwindled by government reforms and subventions in the agriculture' sector. Hence, we recommend the government to promote customary land tenure to reduce conflict and in another hand to trace transhumance corridors to support the State's agricultural reform efforts.

Open Access Original Research Article

Paid Employment and Empowerment of Women Tea Plantation Workers: A Qualitative Inquiry

Hajera Aktar, Zafrin Ahmed Liza, Nazira Aktar

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 9-18
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2020/v6i330167

This explorative study is an assessment on empowerment of female tea garden workers through capabilities approach analysis. This study is conducted in a tea estate in Sylhet named Dholdoli. This study has shown that empowerment, in most cases, is found affirmative. Besides reviewing related literature and past research reports, the study is mainly based on primary field data. This study has collected qualitative data following an in-depth interview method of research. The tea garden has been selected purposively. For acquiring qualitative data, the study has involved a number of research participants, such as workers, management staffs, employers, union leaders, buyers and other local stakeholders. The study will mainly focus on in-depth interview techniques.  Results show that most of the respondents have control over their own income (including expenditure and saving) but as they have been paid in low amounts, they can hardly save anything, also they exhibit very explicitly that they have a participation in the decision of their child schooling, family planning, and other facts in social and political issues. They can participate in their local panchayet at or even in national election without any pursuing of a male member of their family.

Open Access Original Research Article

Lived Experience, Coping Strategies and Social Network of Street-working Children

Ashfaq Ferdous, Sabiha Mahfuz Nila

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 19-34
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2020/v6i330168

Background: Street children are exposed to the harshest of living experience. They start experiencing the cruelest form of life from an age when they are supposed to be raised amidst nothing but care and love.

Aims: This study attempts to understand the lived experience of street-working children, the daily challenges they face, their coping strategies, and the social network they maintain for a living.

Methodology: Using a quantitative, and to some extent, ethnographic method, a sample of 110 street-working children aged 5-15 years was drawn from Dhaka University campus and surrounding areas: Shahbag, New Market, Chankharpool and Ramna in Dhaka city. A structured questionnaire with a series of close-ended questions was used for interview schedules.

Results: Analysis of data revealed that most of the children came to Dhaka in pursuit of a better living standard. They are mostly engaged in flower, water or chocolate-selling. The amount of their daily earnings is very low and is hardly enough to manage three meals a day. Most of them sleep on the pavements and those places are not even fixed. They keep changing places depending on wherever they find a place. Sleeping on filthy places under open sky, no wonder they suffer from different skin diseases and are vulnerable to various other diseases. They live through continuous change of coping strategies. Their parents, siblings, relatives and peer groups are at the center of their social network relying on which they survive in the city.

Conclusion: To put it simply, sufferings of street-working children know no bounds. They fight much more hardship than we can even imagine from the outside.

Open Access Original Research Article

Export Performance of Coconut Sector of Sri Lanka

Vanitha Prasannath

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 35-43
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2020/v6i330169

Aims: The study aims to identify the coconut export market of Sri Lanka based on market share and market growth and to classify coconut-importing countries using BCG matrix in order to facilitate potential strategic marketing decisions.

Study Design:  This is a quantitative study based on secondary data.

Place and Duration of Study: This study is based on Sri Lanka’s coconut exporting sector. The secondary data were collected from 2009 to 2019 from the various annual report of Central Bank of Sri Lanka, export performance report of Export Development Board of Sri Lanka and TRADEMAP.

Methodology: The data were first tabulated and then generated as graphs to display market share and growth. The Boston Consulting Group (BCG) matrix was used to classify coconut export market into four groups, namely stars, cash cows, question marks and dogs.

Results: Export performance of coconut sector increased based on the export value. Similarly, the percentage share of coconut exports to the total exports increased from 3.5% to 5.5% over the last decade. United States of America (USA), Germany and the United Kingdom (UK) are significant importers of Sri Lankan coconut and coconut-based products. India, Mexico and Australia showed a growing trend in the growth of market share for coconut and coconut-based products. According to the BCG matrix, the USA is categorised under the star market, and no countries fall in the cash cow market. Sri Lankan coconut market with India, Mexico, Australia, Germany, France, Netherlands, United Arab Emirates (UAE), UK, South Korea, Italy, Canada, Japan, China, Spain and Russia fall into question mark markets. Turkey, Pakistan, Egypt and Iran are grouped into dogs market category.

Conclusion: By identifying the position of the country at the BCG matrix, the coconut industry would carry out activities and projects to earn additional income and capture more world market share for coconut and coconut-based products. Policymakers should consider the position of the country while implementing related policies.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of Determinants of Access to Credit for Cotton Producers in Mali

Touré Lassana, Diop Ibrahima Thione

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 44-59
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2020/v6i330170

This research analyzed the determinants of cotton producers’ access to credit for in the areas of the Malian Textile Development Company (CMDT). Primary data collection was carried out using questionnaires submitted to 400 producers through multistage stratified sampling procedure (zones and types of farms constituting the strata). The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and logit model. The values measuring the overall significance of the model are of the order of: Wald's test statistic chi2 = 68.98, Area under the ROC curve = 0.68 and Model good prediction rate = 71.03%. The binomial logit model showed that the significant variables (at the 15% level) affecting cotton producers’ access to credit are age, marital status, level of education, income, interest rate, existence of material collateral and type of farm. It is therefore recommended that the financial institutions, CMDT and the Producers' Cooperatives be enhanced working together for an interest rate set at levels that take into account the sustainability of the credit institutions and managing communication around a fixed interest rate in order to avoid confusion for employees and cotton producers; making less restrictive the conditions for cotton producers to obtain credit for, so that those who do not have access can benefit from credit; revitalizing producers’ training level to enable better management of farm credit by the beneficiaries; setting up an insurance mechanism for cotton producers to cover unpaid debts due to natural climatic hazards and encouraging the population to grow cotton since the increase in active members on the farm has a positive influence on the chances of having access to credit.