Open Access Opinion Article

Conceptualizing on Structure Functionalism and Its Applications on Patriotism Study during Covid-19 Pandemic in Malaysia

Siti Norayu Mohd Basir, Mohd Zaini Abu Bakar, Fauziah Ismail, Junainor Hassan

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2020/v6i430171

This paper attempts toreconcilesymbiotic concepts including the theory of functionalism and patriotism among Malaysians during Covid-19 pandemic crisis. To this end, this paper focuses on the theory of functionalism and how the connection with the patriotism perspectives in dealing with non-traditional treat of the spreading of Covid-19 pandemic among Malaysian from top to bottom structure. As we know, our world isin a greater war involving non-traditional treat after the Covid-19 virus started in Wuhan, China. This battle impacted macro to micro structures of society and institutions including political, economy, stability, health, wealth and psychology. In other words, all citizens are involve in this war against the pandemic. Functionalist offer the idea about society is a complex system thatis interconnected and each hastheir own roles to make sure the stability andsolidarity can be achieve and retained. The spirit to fight this virus war together can be describe viapatriotic values.

Open Access Original Research Article

On Import Growth Path of China’s Bulk Agri-Products from Perspective of Ternary Margins

Yinguo Dong, Jiao Yu

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 8-16
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2020/v6i430173

Based on the HS6 encoded agricultural trade data from 1995 to 2018, this paper uses the ternary marginal method to analyze the import path of China’s bulk agri-products from the static and dynamic perspectives. The study finds that the import of bulk agri-products is mainly driven by the quantity margin with an average annual growth rate of 6.28 since china’s accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). This conclusion is robust in terms of time periods, major source countries and main varieties. Improvement of living standards of Chinese consumers, innate short of advantage in supply side, opening up policy facilitating foreign supplier and unnecessary import owing to price differential all explain quantity margin impetus. At present, the main problem in the bulk agri-products has switched from insufficient amount to structural imbalance. Therefore, it is urgent to adjust the production structure and manage the import structure of bulk agri-    products.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Health Level on Agricultural Productivity in Cameroon

Eric Joel Tchinda Kamdem

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 17-25
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2020/v6i430174

The objective of this study is to assess the effect of health on agricultural productivity in Cameroon. To achieve this objective, we use the techniques of Propensity Score Matching on data from the fourth Cameroonian household survey (ECAM 4). The results of the analysis show that healthy farmers produce on average than farmers in fragile health. Indeed, healthy farmers produce an average of FCFA 583,601 per hectare. This effect is statistically significant at the 5% threshold. Due to the fact that the level of health improves agricultural yields, we recommend to the public authorities, to facilitate farmers' access to health care through a reduction in health care costs, but also through a multiplication of health centers in rural areas.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Economic Value of Small Pelagic Fisheries in Indramayu Regency, West Java

Desi Medi Arisandy, Zuzy Anna, Isni Nurruhwati, Iwang Gumilar

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 26-35
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2020/v6i430175

This study aims to analyze the economic value of small pelagic fishing fisheries in Indramayu Regency, West Java. This research was conducted by a survey method using a questionnaire with a purposive sampling method and the data were analyzed descriptively quantitative and qualitative. The benefits of the results of this study are expected to provide information for decision making for the relevant government in formulating policies on fisheries activities, especially small pelagic fish in Indramayu Regency West Java so that they remain sustainable. Catching small pelagic fish is done by purse seine, mini purse seine, Millenium gill net, fishing line, and nylon net. The majority of the ship size used ships with sizes below 20 Gross Tonnage (GT). The types of small pelagic fish caught are Anchovy, Mackerel, Long Jawed Mackerel, Sardine, Scad, Sand Whiting, Tanjan Fish, Rucah Fish and Japuh Fish. The highest acceptance value of small pelagic fish in 2019 is found in anchovies, which is 8.997 billion. So that the highest profit of the highest small pelagic fish obtained in 2019 is found in Anchovy, amounting to 8,780 billion. The Benefit-Cost Ratio (BCR) calculation shows that the BCR value for catching pelagic fish species above is> 1 so that the fishing activity is feasible and can be continued. 99.7% of small pelagic fishing activities are influenced by the GT of the ship, the number of trips (months), and the fishing gear based on the calculation of multiple linear regression analysis.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Role of NGOs in Sustainable Socio-economic Development of Rural Poor: Evidence from Bangladesh

Umma Jakia, Md. Sajjad Hosain, Md. Altab Hossin

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 36-49
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2020/v6i430176

The present study aims to investigate the current initiative and practices of Non Government Organizations (NGOs) in sustainable socio-economic development of the rural poor people of Bangladesh. NGOs in Bangladesh have virtually grown in vast numbers since the independence. It has been observed that from the late seventies, NGOs have been playing an increasingly important role in the nation’s development process. The study used both primary data and secondary information. Primary data have been collected for this study using random sampling from 10 villages of 2 districts of Bangladesh. A number of techniques have been utilized to collected data from the respondents such as household survey, focus group discussions, in depth interviews and observations. The final valid sample (Sample 1 and Sample 2) size of respondents stood to 819 (750+69) who are the beneficiaries and officials of different NGOs located on those 10 villages of 2 districts. Mostly descriptive statistics have been used to conduct data analysis in this study. The results reveal that the members of studied NGOs have been benefited from various programs undertaken. It has been observed that the food intake of the NGO beneficiaries has increased considerably in terms of income generation, nutrition value and health consciousness. The paper is expected to be one of the basic foundations for those who want to investigate further regarding NGO operation and policy making.