Open Access Original Research Article

Local Community Participation in Tourism in Siau Island, Sitaro District, North Sulawesi, Indonesia

Ramon Hurdawaty, Vanessa Mikha Elsa, Dewi Ayu Kusumaningrum

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2020/v8i330210

This research aims to determine the role played by local communities in developing tourism on the island of Siau and also to find out how the government moves local people in the tourism sector. The research method used is qualitative research with descriptive methods. The data collection technique used interviews with several informants to the local community, members of the Sitaro Nature Lovers Community (KOMPAS), the Chairperson of the DPC Sitaro Indonesian Tourism Association and to the government, namely the Head of the Tourism and Culture Office of Siau Regency, Tagulandang Biaro (Sitaro). From the results of the research, there is participation by local communities in tourism on Siau Island in the form of selling food near tourist objects, maintaining tourist objects and maintaining cleanliness. The local community is also involved in the development of tourism on Siau Island. The government's role in mobilizing local communities to help in the tourism sector is still not optimal because there are still tourist objects that have not been optimally managed.

Open Access Original Research Article

Business Optimism in COVID-19 Pandemic Period in Indonesia

Dewi Ayu Kusumaningrum, Ramon Hurdawaty, Marya Yenny

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 13-22
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2020/v8i330211

The COVID-19 pandemic is causing turmoil in the health aspect and spread to the economic sector where most of the economic activity has stopped to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Businesses will be disrupted, including business actors who will experience difficulties and even bankruptcy. The small business sector is most affected by the outbreak of COVID-19 due to the absence of outside activities by most of the community. This research aimed to identify business optimism during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Cross-sectional designed research with non Probability Sampling using the survey method by distributing online questionnaires (Google Form). The analysis data using SPSS software. The research results stated that the respondents believe that the business they did during the COVID-19 pandemic can still run well, business after the end of the COVID-19 pandemic will be even better. This research is expected to reference future research regarding the business forecast for business actor behavior, business improvement strategies, and other business-related research during the pandemic.

Open Access Original Research Article

The United States-China Trade War: Empirical Assessment

Victor Adjarho Ovuakporaye

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 35-45
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2020/v8i330213

This paper aims to explore the US-China trade war by looking at various issues surrounding the US-China trade relation. The US-China trade war had been imminent since January 2018, meritoriously commenced on 6 July 2018, which is still ongoing. The US imposed sanctions on various Chinese goods, which was counter by the Chinese side also. Both side have felt the effect of the trade war though China felt the impact more than United States. Though, both nations have recently held positive trade talks which leads to the first phase of negotiation the trade war is still ongoing. If the partnership between the United states and China collapses, this will also end up harming the global economy severely since they are crucial cornerstones of the international economy.

Open Access Original Research Article

An Analysis of the Beef Production Industry and Marketing in Zambia

Ray Munachoonga Sikamwaya, Zhao Guiyu

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 46-62
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2020/v8i330214

This paper studies and provide a comprehensive and critical research by analyzing and evaluating the beef marketing channels, determine marketing efficiency, examine key social and economic factors contributing to the success and failure and establish the regional market interactions across the three agro-ecological regions in Zambia.

To achieve this, the research used both primary and secondary qualitative and quantitative data from national representative surveys by Rural Agricultural Livelihood Surveys Reports which were implemented by Indaba Agricultural Policy Research Institute, and the 2017/18 Livestock and Aquaculture Census Report by Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Central Statistics Office, and other relevant literature related to this study. A questionnaire was used in primary data collection through snowball sampling technique, physically asking, and observing cattle farmers, abattoirs, wholesalers, processing companies and various players or actors in the beef market. Thereafter, intermediation theory was applied to develop a conceptual framework, transaction cost analysis was used to understand how and why different supply channels develop, and finally market performance was determined by analyzing the level of marketing margins.

It was found that there are two major channels (Channel A and Channel B used by small-scale and commercial scale farmers respectively) which have channel subdivisions and several social and economic factors influence the farmers choice of marketing channel as well as influence consumer choices. Channel A was dominated by intermediaries while channel B be was vertically integrated. It was determined that all beef channels in Zambia were efficient and three major consumer types were observed and the regional market interactions showed that region I supplies both II and III, region II supplies III while region III is more of a consumer region.

This study will help to fully understand cattle producers marketing channel selection, consumer choice of market and product quality, regional market interactions and develops recommendations making available valuable information to farmers, beef traders, companies, and policy makers thereby has the potential to improving beef trade and markets in Zambia.

Open Access Review Article

Banking Communications: A Perceptual Study of Customer Relations

Seeprata Parajuli, Udaya Raj Paudel, Niranjan Devkota

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 23-34
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2020/v8i330212

Hopefully, effective banking communications would improve and strengthen relationships with the stakeholders and work-team empowerment to achieve desired level of performance directing towards organizational success in changing operating and governing environments. Though the banks and their service have been advancing in Nepal, customer satisfaction in terms of banking communications is still a matter of serious concern. This paper explores perception of banking communications among the customers showcasing bank and customer relations. As a customer relation is one of the key indicators of banks profitability, the attention of banks has been gradually inclining towards customers through via more effective communication initiatives. Effective communication in banks helps their staff and customers in having knowledge about various strategic decisions that are implemented or are going to be implemented, understanding banking policies and procedures, acknowledging various issues related to banking and understanding ways forward for prosperity. The existing literature confirms a very strong positive relationship between communication in practice and perceived level of customer satisfaction. Thus, the banks must adapt proper strategies and techniques of effective communication with the valued customers. Bank procedures on communicating with customers depend on the structural sets and culture of the organization. Moreover, conceptual framework of the banking communications and customer relations also confirms the imperative need for addressing this issue more effectively, especially in changing context of Nepal. This research can be helpful to banks to know how customers perceive over all banking system and work accordingly. Also, it can be helpful to Nepal Rastra Bank for formulating banking policies and other concerned authorities can also be benefited through this research.