Open Access Policy Article

The Theory and Practice of Evaluating Green Factories in China

Meng Yang, Husheng Li, Jinhui Li

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 24-33
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v10i130253

It is well acknowledged that, China is a country with copious manufacturing industries, and Chinese industrial products spread all over the world. Research into the theory and practice of evaluating manufacturing factories in China is of highly significant. However, the traditional method of evaluating factories tends to focus on individual aspects such as efficiency, energy conservation, and environmental protections. There have been relatively few reports covering comprehensive evaluation methods for a systematic green factory. Based on an analysis of the current situation in various countries and regions, the concept and scope of the China Green Factory (CGF) have been defined. The characteristics of a CGF include the intensification of land, the decontamination of raw materials, clean production, waste administration, and the reduction of carbon and energy. The objectives of this paper are to highlight the current policy and research on the CGFs, quantify the positive effects of CGFs, and make some suggestions for future development.

Open Access Original Research Article

Mothers Education and Respiratory Infection in Under-Five Children in Nigeria

Joseph Paul, Dorcas Afanyinya Osu-Kure

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v10i130251

Respiratory infection is one of the major causes of child ill health and mortality not only in Nigeria, but in most developing countries of the world. This study therefore, investigated the causal relationship between mothers’ level of education and under-five age respiratory infection in Nigeria. Probit regression is used to analyse data from Nigeria Multiple indicator cluster survey 2017. Results from the bivariate regression indicated a significant negative relationship between mothers’ educational level and respiratory infection in under-five age children in Nigeria. Mothers’ educational level became insignificant after controlling for other important covariates which signifies an indirect relationship with child respiratory infection. This implies that mothers’ education influences child respiratory disorder through other variables like place of residence and immunization. Other variables found to influence child respiratory infection includes region of residence, age of child, immunization and ethnicity. On the other hand, sex of child and wealth index were not found to be significant determinants of child respiratory infection. Nigerian government should encourage girl child education through the provision of free quality education at least to secondary school level. Programs to target free diagnosis, treatment and prevention of respiratory infection especially among under-five children should be prioritized by the ministry of health. Health care providers should also intensify awareness to mothers on preventive measures of child respiratory infection especially during antenatal care programs.

Open Access Original Research Article

Organizational Climate Factors in Job Creativity among Public University Librarians in Anambra State

Nneka I. Nwangwu, Chukwuemeka E. Etodike, Helen C. Okeke, Collins I. Nnaebue

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 34-44
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v10i130254

Education is the greatest stimulant for human development and the requisite for socio-economic advancement; the utility of libraries in education especially in tertiary institutions are as important as education itself. In third world countries like Nigeria, there is a great disparity in library utility. This study has therefore envisaged that unless librarians are creative given supportive climate, they may not actualize the potentials of libraries given funding inadequacies.  Thus, a survey study was carried out utilizing correlation design Pearson correlation statistics to establish the perception of librarians about their organizational climate and whether this perception correlates their creativity.  The participants of the study were 89 librarians sampled purposively from University librarians in Anambra State. The questionnaires used for data collection were simplified adaptation of Coveney (2008) and Organizational Climate Questionnaire (OCQ) by Litwin and Stringer (1968). The result indicated that the perception of organizational climate is low among University librarians in Anambra State although the librarians were moderately high on creativity and innovation. Responsibility, reward and support were dimensions of organizational climate which predicted employee creativity whereas organizational identity though impact employees’ creativity but the impact were not of significance proportion. The finding implies that favorable climate to employees helps to stimulate their creative potentials. It is recommended that stakeholder should improve the working climate in University libraries in order to motivate to employees to perform at the highest level bringing their creativity into the organizational dynamics.

Open Access Review Article

COVID-19 and Food Supply in Bangladesh: A Review

Abdullah Al Zabir, Asif Mahmud, Md. Ariful Islam, Sabyasachi Chanda Antor, Farhana Yasmin, Aditya Dasgupta

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 15-23
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v10i130252

The pandemic COVID-19 has slowed down human activities globally and throwing countries into a slump and possibly economic depression. Bangladesh, a growing economic country, is also experiencing severe economic shockwaves. Besides the economic shock, it is also facing an imbalance in the food supply in all of its channels. The purpose of this paper is to provide a general understanding of the possible impacts of COVID-19 on food supply in Bangladesh. The paper presents a brief summary of the global COVID-19 situation and the current food supply status concerning COVID-19. In Bangladesh, the trend of COVID-19 cases is increasing and due to the lockdown situation, the food supply is hampering badly. Since most farmers are not adapted to mechanized agriculture and facing labour shortages, their production has fallen at risk in terms of harvesting. Due to buyer shortage and unavailability of supply channels, products are being forced to sell at a low price and it will take years to overcome this shock as the prognosis of COVID-19 is still unknown to all. Though the government has taken some policy measures to maintain a sufficient food supply, protect the agriculture sector, and mitigate the possible losses.

Open Access Review Article

Post-COVID-19 Scenarios in the East African Community: Implications for Sustainable Development

Juliet Angom

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 45-61
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v10i130255

The Corona Virus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic with its lasting imprints on health, livelihoods and economies has plunged the world into complete disarray and staged an interregnum to the momentum of United Nations’ Decade of Action. With some discovered vaccines for the causative virus being administered in some regions, the profound uncertainties are now the virus, its trajectory and the possible post-pandemic scenarios thereof that the world or its individual countries will trickle into. It is unclear whether the pandemic provides an imitable opportunity for futuristic sustainable development or it is a prefatory incidence to an otherwise worse tomorrow. These two (most-pessimistic and worst-case) scenarios have a common thread which depicts uncertainty of the future of humanity. Yet, the most optimistic discourses have undermined the negative realities that global communities predict. This study tables an analysis of the possible global post-COVID-19 pandemic scenarios and trickles down to the same in the context of the East African Community (EAC), (Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Burundi and South Sudan). At the very least, encountered reports indicate that global debates on the post-pandemic future are classifiable into (1) the most likely return to “business-as-usual”, (2) a managed transition, or (3) a discernible paradigm shift. For the East African Community, the post-COVID-19 scenarios are poised to be influenced by the new world order reconfiguration; the region’s trajectory to sustainable development in the post-pandemic era is hinged on a solution of a global nature that favors making long-term decisions. Otherwise, the region’s scenario is likely the ‘‘business-as-usual’’ one.