Open Access Short Research Article

Supply Chain Analysis of Raw and Value-added Products of Tomatoes in Telangana

Narender Busani, P. Radhika, K. Supriya

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v10i430268

Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) is one of the most widely consumed vegetable crops and the second-largest cultivated vegetable crop in the world after potato. Tomato is one of the most important protective foods because of its special nutritive value. Tomatoes grown in the country are consumed fresh in raw or cooked form or processed into tomato paste, juice, sauce, ketchup, soup and, pickles. Less than one percent of India’s tomato production is processed. On the other hand, the demand in India for processed tomato products has been growing at an annual rate of about 30 per cent over the last few years. India is the World's largest producer of many fruits and vegetables but there still exists a huge gap between per capita demand and supply due to enormous wastage during post-harvest storage, handling, and the absence of an optimum supply chain. The price fluctuations in tomatoes are very high and often farmers are forced to sell at prices that will not cover even the labor cost of picking the tomatoes. A well-developed tomato processing industry will reduce wastages as well as secure better prices for tomatoes. The present study entitled “Supply chain analysis of raw and value-added products of tomatoes in Telangana” was intended to assess supply chain analysis for raw and processed tomato products along with the constraints faced by each stake holder in the supply chain. Vikarabad district was purposively selected for the study, two mandals four villages each were selected from each village, data was collected from 10 farmers. Hence the total data was collected from 80 farmers. The data was also collected from commission agents, wholesalers/ traders, and retailers. From the tomato processing firms operating in around Hyderabad, three firms were selected to collect data regarding their products and marketing supply chain. The collected data was analyzed.

The results of the study identified three channels of raw tomato marketing, namely: channel-I Farmer- Commission Agent-Trader-Retailer-consumer, Channel-II Famer – Commission agent - Retailer-consumer and Channel-III Farmer- Retailer-consumer. Two channels of processed tomato products were identified, namely: Channel-I, Manufacturing unit- wholesalers-consumers and Channel-II, Manufacturing unit- consumers.

The producer share in the consumer rupee was highest in the Channel -III because of lesser number intermediaries. The marketing efficiency is highest for the channel – III fallowed by channel – II and channel -I. In case of processed industries are mostly preferring channel -II. The major constraints to the farmers identified were high price fluctuations, high cost of fertilizers and pesticides. The major constraints to the intermediaries identified were high price fluctuations and transportation costs and problems. The major problems identified were lack of quality raw materials suitable for processing, and price fluctuations of raw materials for the processing units, while the major problems faced by wholesalers identified were timely availability and quality related issues.

Open Access Original Research Article

Status of Nepalese Education Institution on Technical Adaption in COVID-19 Pandemic: An Index Based Analysis

Niranjan Devkota, Benjula Adhikari, Udaya Raj Paudel, DipakBahadur Adhikari, Seeprata Parajuli, Kabita Adhikari

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 7-19
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v10i430269

With the rapid technological advancement throughout business sector, education sector has not been untouched by it. Education institutions are in the phase of being digitalized which more have been encouraged post COVID-19 in Nepal as well. This study thus aims to explore readiness of Nepalese education institution on technical adaption. Descriptive study has been conducted where 300 school teachers have been surveyed for this study. The results revealed that almost all the school teachers are ready to adapt digitalized education system given different dimension. It was also found that teachers are highly aware regarding the adoption of technology in schools. Likewise, 49.9% teacher's willingness to adopt digital teaching learning practice has increased after COVID-19. Thus, this study concludes that 90% of teachers are willing to adapt digital technology in educational system of Nepal. Therefore, feasible environment, infrastructure that fits digital teaching pedagogy, digital friendly curriculum are recommended to be set for increasing the effectiveness of teaching practice with digital technologies.

Open Access Original Research Article

Lived Experiences of Persons under Investigation and Persons under Monitoring During General Community Quarantine

Josefine R. Arellano, Jenelyn E. Delgado

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 20-26
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v10i430270

The lived experiences of Persons Under Investigation (PUIs) and Person Under Monitoring are examined in this study. The eleven Persons Under Investigation (PUIs) and fourteen Persons Under Monitoring (PUMs) were interviewed via messenger to solicit their struggles and sufferings during General Community Quarantine (GCQ). The data gathered from the identified respondents were analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. In the analysis, the major themes identified were Initial Reaction, Discrimination, Life During 14-day Quarantine or Isolation, Challenges Experienced as 1.) Persons Under Investigation and 2.) Persons Under Monitoring. Extreme discrimination for the entire family were the initial reactions of all respondents upon classifying them as Persons Under Investigation and Persons Under Monitoring. Getting insane is also one of the challenges being experienced by a person identified as Persons Under Investigation. For them to cope up with this crisis of COVID-19, they resorted to focus on their strengths and seek support systems.

Open Access Original Research Article

Problems and Prospects of Tourism Industry in Bangladesh: A Study on Cumilla District

S. M. Nazrul Islam, Sk. Rahima Akter

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 27-35
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v10i430271

Tourism is one of the most growing industries all around the world. Bangladesh is a new tourist destination on the map of the world. Bangladesh has enormous potential to develop tourism because of its attractive natural beauty and rich cultural heritage. The tourism industry of Bangladesh has several positive impacts on the overall economy of this country.  Tourism can add value to the Bangladeshi economy if a proper marketing plan and strategy can be built and implemented for this purpose. The main objective of the study was to find out the major problems and prospects of the tourism industry in Bangladesh. The study area was Cumilla District. The study has tried to highlight the special attractive tourist spots of Bangladesh, especially in Cumilla. Tourists of Cumilla District were the population of the study.  For the study, a convenient sample of tourists from various tourist spots in the Cumilla District had taken. The study depended on both primary and secondary data; primary data were collected with a structured questionnaire and analyzed. From the analysis, it was found that the majority of the respondents are satisfied with cultural & religious heritage, transportation quality & cost efficiency. But they are dissatisfied with Information gaps, the absence of tour operators, poor service of hotel & poor security. Most of them suggest developing infrastructure such as accommodation, transportation, ensuring security, taking more promotional activities, reducing the cost of touring, etc. To enhance the existing image sincere steps of the concerned authorities can really be helpful; some guidelines have been mentioned in the recommendation part.

Open Access Original Research Article

Acceptance and Behavior of Social Media Use: Causality Analysis of Media Needs, Media Choice and Intervening Characteristics of Social Media Innovations

J. S. Dwi Raharjo, . Kholil, Manik Sunuantari

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 36-58
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v10i430272

Social media as one of the implementations of CMC has been widely used by more than half of the world's population in various forms of fulfilling needs and choices in interaction and communication, which is a phenomenon that we can see today. This research aims to see to what extent these needs and choices influence the acceptance and use of social media directly or indirectly through the characteristics of the innovation possessed by these social media.

The research method used is a quantitative approach through a survey of the population of the reseacrh, namely students of the communication science study program of PTS in DKI Jakarta, represented by 378 respondents who have been validated. Data analysis using SEM modeling which is divided into measurement and structural models.

The results of the research indicate that social media needs and choices have a significant effect on social media acceptance, social media needs and the choices have a significant effect on social media use behavior, then also the social media needs and choices through the characteristics of innovation have a significant effect on social media acceptance and needs. The choice of social media through the characteristics of innovation has a significant effect on the behavior of using social media. This research also shows that the need factors include personal needs, social needs and the need for tension relief and choice factors, namely media richness and critical mass of social media have an influence in accepting and using social media by students.