Open Access Short communication

Factors Influencing Reader Satisfaction and Quality of Service in Modern Libraries

Kazimi Parviz Firudin Oqlu, Azad Qurbanov

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 15-20
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v11i330285

The article examines the factors influencing the overall satisfaction of readers and the quality of service in order to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the library and information activities of Azerbaijan. The research was carried out on the basis of the "SERVQUAL" model. The Customer Satisfaction Index (CSI) was calculated, evaluated on a 7-point Laykert scale for 5 dimensions and a “threshold” index was determined. Based on the analysis of the results obtained, the ergonomic environment, the provision of new information, the professionalism of the staff and openness to managerial innovations were identified as the main factors influencing the satisfaction of readers and the quality of service.

Open Access Policy Article

Follow-The-Money: Policy-Level Engagements for Girl Child STEM Education in Northern Nigeria

Ani, Nwachuchu Agwu, Onuoha, Onyekachi Chibueze, Lawal Hamzat

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 8-14
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v11i330284

In Nigeria in the 1950s, a person with a liberal arts education was considered a truly educated person. The liberal arts education was for personal development and deployment in the administrative services and teaching but had little commercial scientific application. Admittedly, this era of generalists is dying, giving way for a new paradigm. The new paradigm is the knowledge economy. Now, to be an effective player in the knowledge economy, an individual needs specialised knowledge and STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) education is the building block. In Northern Nigeria, there is a problem - STEM is still generally seen as courses for the men while the women are encouraged by their parents to pursue careers in the liberal arts when they did not drop out. The resultant effect is a reinforcement of gender inequality and economic disparities which negates the spirit of Sustainable Development Goals. Disturbed by the trend, Connected Development with support from development partners, is using her innovative Follow-The-Money project to pilot grassroots-based advocacy aimed against STEM-inclined stereotypes and out-of-school syndrome - which disproportionately affects the girl child. The campaign methodology involves surveying and profiling dilapidated schools in rural communities and peri-urban areas in Northern Nigeria and conveying findings to political authorities and policymakers for intervention. While political accountability must be extracted from authorities, we engage social/informal institutions to build up interest for girl child education. Follow The Money is challenging stereotypes, social norms and cultural practices impeding the uptake of STEM education and also strengthening informal structures to demand political accountability. Through high-level engagements, results show unprecedented reconstruction and rehabilitation of dilapidated schools and enrolments are soaring. Undoubtedly, the proportion of girls taking up interests in STEM has improved remarkably. Follow-The-Money is now scaling-up across the 36 states in Nigeria.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of Benefit Cost Ratio of Sesame Production under Demonstration in Low Lands of Western Zone, Tigray, Ethiopia

Tewoderos Meleaku, Desaly Gebre Tshadike, Goteom Zenbe

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v11i330283

This study aimed to investigate the cost-benefit of sesame production per hectare under (farmers practice, partial package and full package) practice were farmers performed side by side in their plot. Benefit cost ratio analyses of sesame was conducted in western low lands of Tigray. It includes the production year of 2016/17 E.C and bounded of two woredas with six production sites. In the present study 40 respondents of sesame producers were incorporated. Producers were categorized in to full package (row planting, fertilizer and improved seed users), partial package (broadcast, fertilizer and improved seed users) and non package (broad cast and improved seed). Data was analyzed using SPSS version 16 in terms of percentage, mean, model and others. On the other hand, per hectare yield, return, production cost, and benefit cost ratio of each package were statistically different. The mean productivity per hectare for full package, partial package and non package was 6.55, 5.26 and 3.85 quintal sequentially. The mean return per hectare of full package, partial package, and non package was 26243.75, 21746.25 and 13178.91 birr sequentially. The production cost per hectare of full package, partial package, and non package was 13826.74, 12561.35 and 8681.46 birr respectively. The mean benefit cost ratio was 1.90, 1.74 and 1.50 birr respectively for full package, partial package and non package.

Open Access Original Research Article

Recommender System for Term Deposit Likelihood Prediction using Cross-validated Neural Network

Shawni Dutta, Samir Kumar Bandyopadhyay

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 21-28
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v11i330286

For enhancing the maximized profit from bank as well as customer perspective, term deposit can accelerate finance fields. This paper focuses on likelihood of term deposit subscription taken by the customers. Bank campaign efforts and customer details are influential while considering possibilities of taking term deposit subscription. An automated system is provided in this paper that approaches towards prediction of term deposit investment possibilities in advance. Neural network along with stratified 10-fold cross-validation methodology is proposed as predictive model which is later compared with other benchmark classifiers such as k-Nearest Neighbor (k-NN), Decision tree classifier (DT), and Multi-layer perceptron classifier (MLP). Experimental study concluded that proposed model provides significant prediction results over other baseline models with an accuracy of 88.32% and MSE of 0.1168.

Open Access Original Research Article

Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth in Nigeria

M. O. Ndugbu, K. C. Otiwu, L. N. Uzowuru

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 29-42
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v11i330287

This study examined the relationship between foreign direct investment and economic growth in Nigeria using secondary data sourced from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) statistical bulletin between the periods of 1986 to 2017. The study employed Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) and Pairwise Granger Causality test to ascertain the direction of causality between variable employed. Findings revealed that of the six exogenous variables used as an indicator of foreign direct investment, only the non-oil related foreign direct investment, trade openness and market capitalization were able to pass test of hypothesis, which suggest that of the six employed independent variables, three established the fact that foreign direct investment is a vital stimuli in promoting economic performance in Nigeria with more emphasis on the non-oil related foreign direct investment. The study thus concluded that non-oil related foreign direct investment is more helpful to Nigeria’s economy compared to oil related foreign direct investment inflows. Consequently, it is recommended that both Nigeria’s private and public sectors should intensify efforts to attract further foreign direct investment inflows into the non-oil related sectors of the economy, while relatively de-emphasizing attraction of inflows into the oil related sector in the interest of the country.

Open Access Original Research Article

The effect Foreign Portfolio Investment on Economic Growth in Nigeria

M. O. Ndugbu, K. C. Otiwu, L. N. Uzowuru

South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics, Page 43-53
DOI: 10.9734/sajsse/2021/v11i330288

This study examined the relationship between foreign portfolio investment and economic growth in Nigeria between the periods 1986 to 2017. The study employed the Vector Error Correction model (ECM) and granger causality. Market capitalization, foreign portfolio investment and trade openness were the independent variables while gross domestic product is proxy for economic growth in Nigeria. Findings revealed that of the three study variables, trade openness and market capitalization proved to be significant in promoting economic growth in Nigeria while foreign portfolio investment is negative and insignificant. As such, we recommend that policy makers should endeavour to boost the capital market activities so as to foster capital transactions and subsequently increase economic performance and growth in the nation.